An Analysis on Revival of Turkish-UAE Relations

2022/06/19 | Note, political, top news

Strategic Council Online - Guest Opinion: After a decade of cold relations, Turkey and the UAE are on the path to reviving bilateral relations. This new trend began in 2021 with a series of high-level diplomatic meetings and contacts, culminating in Mohamed bin Zayed’s November visit to Ankara. Recently, Recep Tayyip Erdogan visited Abu Dhabi to offer condolences on the death of Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. The trip also saw the signing of more than 10 agreements between the two countries, including a defense industry cooperation agreement. Seyed Hamed Hosseini - PhD student in international relations Motivations

Although the UAE and Saudi Arabia are aligned on many regional issues, the UAE is looking for new allies amid growing regional rivalry with Saudi Arabia. Riyadh wants to overtake Abu Dhabi as the trading hub of the Persian Gulf, while the UAE is challenging Saudi Arabia’s true leadership in the region. Turkey remains an important power in the Persian Gulf, despite tensions after Arab Spring with its neighbors, especially given its close alliance and military base in Qatar and security cooperation with Kuwait. For those reasons, Ankara has become an attractive potential partner for Abu Dhabi, as Abu Dhabi seeks to create an alternative axis. Those efforts for normalization is taking place in view of the consequences of the US military withdrawal from the region, which can be seen in Turkey’s recent diplomatic actions with regard to the Zionist regime.

Because from Turkey’s point of view, the growing focus on hard power to achieve its foreign policy objectives has isolated the country since the Arab Spring, and the UAE has close relations with Turkey’s close neighbors such as Greece and the Republic of Cyprus, Egypt and the Zionist regime, proximity to Abu Dhabi could be the first step towards normalization with its neighbors, especially in the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum, which includes Egypt, Cyprus, Greece, the Zionist regime, Italy and Jordan.

Another point is that Qatar is Turkey’s closest Arab ally. Since the end of the Saudi-led siege of Doha in early 2021, Qatar has been normalizing relations with the Persian Gulf countries, especially Turkey’s main regional rival, Saudi Arabia. Despite Turkey’s ideological and security alignment with Qatar, Turkey has a key interest in expanding its ties in the Persian Gulf, which is visible in Erdogan’s visit to Saudi Arabia after years of strained relations with the assassination of prominent Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul in 2018.

The deteriorating economic situation in Turkey may also have been a factor in changing Turkey’s approach to the Arab countries of the Persian Gulf. Given that the Turkish lira is experiencing its sharpest devaluation this year since Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party came to power in 2002, such proximity could be an attempt to maintain and strengthen capital inflows into the Turkish economy. Turkey and the UAE signed 10 memorandum of understanding in which the UAE promised to invest 10 billion dollars in Turkey; the news which was welcomed by some but criticized by others as a cheap seizure of Turkish assets. Such normalization is certainly in the interest of the UAE, which wants to open a trade route to the Turkish port of Mersin through Iran, enter the Turkish market for economic diversification, and improve its financial capacity through agreements with the Central Bank and Istanbul Stock Exchange.

Reciprocal steps

Since the beginning of the resumption talks, the two sides have made significant efforts to build trust, and Turkey has lifted the ban on WAM and Al-Ain News agencies. The United Arab Emirates has also taken retaliatory measures by lifting bans on Anatolia (Anadolu) and other pro-Turkish news agencies. In addition, media organizations in both countries that have close ties to their respective governments have changed their tone from criticism, accusation, and even defamation to cooperation and agreement.

The UAE also blocked internet access for, who had previously released videos claiming to have exposed the illegal transactions of Turkish officials and politicians, which had been seen by millions in Turkey. Interpol, now run by former UAE Interior Ministry Inspector General Ahmed Nasser al-Raisi, issued a red notice to arrest Packer two weeks before Erdogan’s visit.

Obstacles

Turkey and the UAE continue to compete in Libya, Syria and parts of Africa, which could pose challenges for their future bilateral relations. For example, the UAE supports General Khalifa Haftar, while Turkey supports the Tripoli-based National Unity Government, which is recognized by the United Nations. The UAE has also established ties with the government of Syrian President Bashar Assad, while Turkish forces continue to control parts of northern Syria. However, after the compromise, Turkey and the UAE may refuse to make direct accusations against each other and instead continue their relations in the same way that Turkey cooperates with Russia despite a number of differences.

In addition, the proximity of the UAE with Turkey is a diplomatic initiative that goes beyond bilateral relations. While this initiative is important for the balance of power within the Persian Gulf, it also has direct consequences for US policy, as both Turkey and the United Arab Emirates have played a significant role in regional affairs; therefore, normalization of relations between the two allies facilitates the calculations of the United States in the region, as it does not have to prefer one ally to another. Abu Dhabi and Ankara will have a greater role in the Middle East as the United States reduces its involvement in the region, and reviving their relations could lead to better cooperation. On the other hand, since the UAE and the Zionist regime recognize each other and are building an alliance, Turkey’s rapprochement with those two actors creates an opportunity for the United States, because all of those countries are partners of the United States.

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

LATEST CONTENT

Reasons Why the Netanyahu Govt Is Preventing a Ceasefire Agreement

Strategic Council Online – Opinion: The last round of indirect negotiations between Hamas officials and the Zionist regime, which was conducted in Cairo with the mediation of Qatar, Egypt, and the United States, was unsuccessful due to the Zionists’ “Obstruction.”
Hamid Khoshayand, an expert on regional issues

Claims of a US Arms Embargo against Zionist Regime Reveal America’s Deception

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An expert on international issues said that the US claims to have suspended sending weapons to the Zionist regime is a political deception to silence public opinion because this would make no difference in the nature of Washington’s support for the Zionist army and the existence of this regime.

Goals of Blinken’s Recent Trip to Saudi Arabia

Strategic Council Online—Interview: A researcher of Saudi affairs said that US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken arrived in Riyadh recently during a regional trip and had consultations with the Riyadh officials. It seems that one of the items on the agenda between Saudi Arabia and America, in addition to the Gaza war, is the process of normalizing relations between the Israeli regime and the Arab kingdom.

Dr. Kharrazi's response to the new US position on Iran's nuclear program:
It Was America That Abandoned Nuclear Diplomacy/ Iran Also Considers Diplomacy the Best Approach

Strategic Council Online: The President of the Strategic Council on Foreign Relations stated: “The US State Department spokesperson, after my interview with Al Jazeera, reiterated their past remarks, stating that they won’t allow Iran to build nuclear weapons, but ultimately said diplomacy is the best approach. Yes, we too prefer diplomacy since based on the Fatwa of our Supreme Leader are not for nuclear weapons; rather, we are advocates of diplomacy to make the Middle East a nuclear-free region. But, in case the Israeli regime threatens us with nuclear weapons, we surely cannot sit idle and wait for permission from others.”

Europe’s Confusion in Securing Bab al-Mandab Strait and the Red Sea

Strategic Council Online – Opinion: The strategic Strait of Bab al-Mandab and the Red Sea have recently faced serious problems and crises due to the Gaza war. This is because of the protectionist approach of the Yemeni army forces toward Palestine, which, since the beginning of the Israeli regime’s attacks on the Gaza Strip, has included attacks on ships bound for or from the origin of the regime in the Red Sea.
They said they will continue their attacks until the Israeli regime’s military aggression in the Gaza Strip ends. The United States, as the most important supporter of the Israeli regime, was the first country to respond to this policy of Yemeni army forces and tried to form a global coalition to counter these attacks under the cover of supporting freedom of navigation, which, of course, failed because of conflicts of interests of Western countries and ended in the actions of the US and British attacks on positions in Yemen. Of course, although European countries were not seriously involved in the American coalition, they have numerous and complex interests in this inflammatory, and as a result, have adopted a particular and independent approach.
Dr. Mohammad Mehdi Mazaheri – University Professor

The prospect of Possible Departure of Hamas Political Office from Qatar

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An expert on regional issues said Qatari authorities will definitely resist Western pressure to expel Hamas leaders from their territory, and probably the United States will not move towards a zero-hundred equation in this regard because if the Hamas leaders remain in Qatar, which is an ally of the United States, is better than moving to a country outside the power of the United States to exert pressure.

Loading

Últimas publicaciones

Reasons Why the Netanyahu Govt Is Preventing a Ceasefire Agreement

Strategic Council Online – Opinion: The last round of indirect negotiations between Hamas officials and the Zionist regime, which was conducted in Cairo with the mediation of Qatar, Egypt, and the United States, was unsuccessful due to the Zionists’ “Obstruction.”
Hamid Khoshayand, an expert on regional issues

Claims of a US Arms Embargo against Zionist Regime Reveal America’s Deception

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An expert on international issues said that the US claims to have suspended sending weapons to the Zionist regime is a political deception to silence public opinion because this would make no difference in the nature of Washington’s support for the Zionist army and the existence of this regime.

Goals of Blinken’s Recent Trip to Saudi Arabia

Strategic Council Online—Interview: A researcher of Saudi affairs said that US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken arrived in Riyadh recently during a regional trip and had consultations with the Riyadh officials. It seems that one of the items on the agenda between Saudi Arabia and America, in addition to the Gaza war, is the process of normalizing relations between the Israeli regime and the Arab kingdom.

Dr. Kharrazi's response to the new US position on Iran's nuclear program:
It Was America That Abandoned Nuclear Diplomacy/ Iran Also Considers Diplomacy the Best Approach

Strategic Council Online: The President of the Strategic Council on Foreign Relations stated: “The US State Department spokesperson, after my interview with Al Jazeera, reiterated their past remarks, stating that they won’t allow Iran to build nuclear weapons, but ultimately said diplomacy is the best approach. Yes, we too prefer diplomacy since based on the Fatwa of our Supreme Leader are not for nuclear weapons; rather, we are advocates of diplomacy to make the Middle East a nuclear-free region. But, in case the Israeli regime threatens us with nuclear weapons, we surely cannot sit idle and wait for permission from others.”

Europe’s Confusion in Securing Bab al-Mandab Strait and the Red Sea

Strategic Council Online – Opinion: The strategic Strait of Bab al-Mandab and the Red Sea have recently faced serious problems and crises due to the Gaza war. This is because of the protectionist approach of the Yemeni army forces toward Palestine, which, since the beginning of the Israeli regime’s attacks on the Gaza Strip, has included attacks on ships bound for or from the origin of the regime in the Red Sea.
They said they will continue their attacks until the Israeli regime’s military aggression in the Gaza Strip ends. The United States, as the most important supporter of the Israeli regime, was the first country to respond to this policy of Yemeni army forces and tried to form a global coalition to counter these attacks under the cover of supporting freedom of navigation, which, of course, failed because of conflicts of interests of Western countries and ended in the actions of the US and British attacks on positions in Yemen. Of course, although European countries were not seriously involved in the American coalition, they have numerous and complex interests in this inflammatory, and as a result, have adopted a particular and independent approach.
Dr. Mohammad Mehdi Mazaheri – University Professor

The prospect of Possible Departure of Hamas Political Office from Qatar

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An expert on regional issues said Qatari authorities will definitely resist Western pressure to expel Hamas leaders from their territory, and probably the United States will not move towards a zero-hundred equation in this regard because if the Hamas leaders remain in Qatar, which is an ally of the United States, is better than moving to a country outside the power of the United States to exert pressure.

Loading