Category: Note

Afghanistan and the Space for Geopolitical Actors

Strategic Council Online: In the wake of the Coronavirus crisis that has engulfed the entire world significant developments are underway in Afghanistan engineered by the United States and supported by other world and regional powers which cast doubt on the prospects of restoring stability and security to Afghanistan. The US-led peace agreement with the Taliban will bring Afghanistan into a new phase of geopolitical action that will shape regional and trans-regional forces in relation to Afghanistan’s ethnic, religious and political structure.
Ebrahim Romina – Assistant Professor of Political Geography at Tarbiat Modares University

Challenges Facing New Iraqi Prime Minister Designate

Strategic Council Online: Adnan Al-Zurfi’s dual citizenship and his desire to align with Washington will spark opposition from some coalitions and political groups in Iraq who may prevent his government from being cleared by the parliament. Therefore, it can be said that the fate of Al-Zurfi will not be better than that of Al-Allawi and the new nominee for the prime minister must already consider his possible failure to form a government.
Jafar Ghanadbashi – Middle East Affairs Expert

Putin’s Continued Presidency with Constitutional Reform?

Strategic Council Online: Given that the Russian Constitutional Court has upheld the parliament’s constitutional amendment, it can be expected that if nothing special happens, Vladimir Putin will be able to run for the president again in 2024 and if he remains in power he can be extends his tenure for two 3-year terms, up to 2036.
Shoaib Bahman – Expert on Russian Affairs

Scenarios in Afghanistan

Strategic Council Online: At present, there are three currents in Afghanistan claiming power: Abdullah Abdullah and the Jihadists, the Liberal Democrats represented by Ashraf Ghani, and the Taliban. Zalmay Khalilzad seems to be trying to balance these three currents in order to overcome the crisis in Afghanistan.
Pir Mohammad Molazehi – Expert on Afghanistan

Reasons for OPEC’s Failure to Reduce production & Supply

Strategic Council Online: Russia’s creeping penetration in OPEC as a mate to OPEC and its non-cooperation with OPEC in its latest bid to avert further damage to member states shows that OPEC’s monopoly power in the oil market before being defeated by America’s growing power in production and extraction of Shale oil is struck by the double standards strategy and unilateralism of its members with non-member allies.

Reza Majidzadeh – Researcher in Political Economy of Development

International Recognition of US-Taliban Peace Agreement

Strategic Council Online: Adoption of a UN Security Council resolution endorsing the US-led peace deal with the Taliban means its international recognition but it has not yet become US internal law and has no executive guarantees.
Seyed Mostafa Hashemi – PhD in Geopolitics and Regional Affairs Expert

Three Scenarios on Wave of Arrests in Saudi Arabia

Strategic Council Online: King Salman has persuaded Saudi princes by a number of tools such as repression, appeasement, relative consensus and buying loyalty that the Saudi gerontocracy structure needs mobility by a young prince from the House of Sudairi who would simultaneously maintain the territorial integrity, survival of the kingdom and power preservation. There is a strong connection in the House of Al Saud.
Kamran Karami – Arabian Peninsula researcher

Prospect of Peace Talks in Light of New Developments in Afghanistan

Strategic Council Online: It looks like eventually US envoy Zalmay Khalilzad, who is in Kabul, will intervene in the current governance process in Afghanistan and bring Abdullah Abdullah to the negotiating table: A situation similar to what happened when John Kerry was in office; that is today a new government will be formed with some differences. In this new government, space will also be opened for the Taliban, and Zalmay will probably succeed in bringing the three currents – Ashraf Ghani, Abdullah Abdullah and Taliban to the negotiating table to pull Afghanistan out of the current situation.
Pir Mohammad Molazehi – Indian Subcontinent Affairs Expert

Turkey’s International Isolation on Idlib Crisis

Strategic Council Online: The Ankara government has again resorted to the traditional policy of using the leverage of immigrants and refugees to drag Europe into the war in Idlib; but this policy failed to draw support from European countries for Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the Ankara government, but unlike previous times that they had pledged a series of donations, this time fully condemned Turkey’s “blackmail.”
Shoaib Bahman: International Affairs Expert

Corona and the Need for Regional, Global Cooperation

Strategic Council Online: The world has been in the throes of Corona Disease (COVID-19) since late 2019: A malicious virus, which can have many lessons for the vulnerable world. Within a short time, it crosses global boundaries and enters other spaces affected by economic entanglement and spatial functions.
Ebrahim Romina, Assistant Professor of Political Geography and Geopolitics, Tarbiat Modares University

Trump’s Trip to India; Pitched for Elections with Little Achievement

Strategic Council Online: In new US documents, India has been mentioned to be part of the Pacific in order to lessen China’s role in the region; so Washington seeks to highlight New Delhi’s role in order to pit India against China on the one hand and contain Pakistan on the other.
Amir Ali Abolfatah – Experts on American Affairs

Turkey and Multivariate Equations in Idlib

Strategic Council Online: Turkey believes if Idlib is liberated Ankara’s role in the next political process in Syria will decline and the Syrian government may in future seek to oust Turkish forces from other areas, such as Afrin.
Siamak Kakai – Turkey affairs expert

Kashmir the Cause of Tension in Pakistan-Saudi Relations

Strategic Council Online: Given that Kashmir is considered one of the main red lines of the Pakistani government and people, Saudi Arabia has essentially adopted a thoughtful silence in this regard, which has become a challenge in relations between the two countries.
Mohammad Reza Asgari Moroudi – Subcontinent Affairs Expert

Goals of US-Led Military Exercises in Africa

Strategic Council Online: The presence of US troops in Africa is in line with efforts by Washington and some other Western capitals to create the southern branch of the NATO military alliance.
Jafar Ghanadbashi- Middle East Affairs Expert

Taliban Retreat and Ambiguities in Possible Peace with America

Strategic Council Online: Donald Trump is now in dire need of foreign accomplishments in 2020, the year of presidential elections, and if Washington can reach a deal with the Taliban and sign it, Trump could use it as bargaining chip.
Pir Mohammad Molazehi – Afghanistan Affairs Expert

Chinese Economy and Consequences of Coronavirus

Strategic Council Online: The Coronavirus has hit the Chinese economy badly, and it will, for a long time, make China’s economy vulnerable. When China’s annual economic growth reaches below 6%, political alarm bells will be sounded, meaning 2020 maybe a year of domestic political challenges for the Beijing government.
Dr Saeed Attar – University Professor

US Senate’s Goal behind Reducing Trump’s War Powers on Iran

Strategic Council Online: US lawmakers and Senators pursue two key goals behind adopting the Trump War Powers Act: First, to reinstate the decisive role of the Congress in the decision-making process on war, and the second to prevent Trump’s adventurous actions against Iran.
Amir Ali Abolfatah – American Affairs Expert

Saudi Contradictory Policy towards Iran

Strategic Council Online: The double standards played by the Saudis to the effect that on the one hand, they say they do not seek tensions with Iran and on the other hand emphasize that they share the same positions with the US against Iran may indicate Riyadh’s contradictory approach to Tehran.
Davoud Ahmadzadeh – Middle East Affairs Expert

Political, Economic Dimensions of Coronavirus Outbreak

Strategic Council Online: If Coronavirus continues to spread serious damage will be inflicted on the Chinese economy. Meantime, and if the US does not cooperate in controlling the disease, rumours that the US benefits from the spread of the virus and its impact on the Chinese economy, as well as its magnification, are acceptable.
Abdolreza Faraji Rad – Expert on Geopolitics

Strategic Goals of Yemeni Resistance Operation against Saudi Arabia

Strategic Council Online: What we have witnessed in the recent widespread operations of the Ansarullah movement and the Yemeni people’s armies against Saudi positions is, on the one hand, an attempt to persuade Saudi Arabia to admit its military weaknesses inside Yemen, and on the other, an attempt to thwart troublesome and armed moves of mercenary groups seeking to disrupt the situation in Sanaa (the capital of Yemen) and create new insecurity in the region.
Jafar Ghanadbashi – Middle East Affairs Expert