Category: Note

Opportunities for Cooperation in Iran-China 25-Year Document

Strategic Council Online – In recent weeks, foreign media, mainly those affiliated with US political circles, some European countries, the Zionist regime and certain Arab states, have been projecting on the 25-year Iran-China document and have gone as far as labeling it a colonial document! And with the tactics of psychological operations and soft destruction, the document has been used as a pretext to undermine its strategic importance in the social body and domestic public opinion at a time when those countries are one of China’s largest trading partners in the world and have growing economic relations with China. The present article emphasizes the opportunities of the 25-year document for Iran which, by understanding a part of it, we can understand the reasons for the opposition of foreign and hostile governments to it.
Hamid Khoshayand – Analyst of international affairs

Consequences of the dangerous game of the Zionist regime to undermine Iran’s national security

Strategic Council Online—Opinion: The national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran is considered as the “main redline “of Iran in the regional, international, bilateral and multilateral environments. This very significant and key element guarantees the life and survival and sustainability of Iran and its political system against physical and non-physical foreign and domestic threats especially under the present circumstances in which crises and turbulences have surrounded Iran and the Islamic Republic of Iran is exposed to threats from all sides. National security is so much strategically significant and fundamental that Iran would mobilize all the necessary tools, on the basis of its right of self-defense, to counter threats against its national security.
Hamid Khoshayand—analyst of international issues

Necessity of forming the club of countries countering US sanctions

Strategic Council Online—Opinion: Some 30 countries of the world with more than one and a half billion people are presently under the sanctions of the United States in various forms. Iran, China and Russia are the most significant of these countries. In addition to governments, some economic giants and cartels such as companies involved in the construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline as well as Turkey, as a US ally in NATO, have been also exposed to lesser extents to the US sanctions. Even though there are news recently about the formation of a global coalition among the countries affected by the US sanctions, it is expected that a politico-economic club of sanctioned countries is set up.
Seyyed Qassem Zakeri—expert of international relations

Strategic targets behind Saudi military agreements with Greece

Strategic Council Online – Note: Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias in his visit to Saudi Arabia signed two agreements on military cooperation between the two countries. According to the signed document, Greece is supposed to deliver one of the Patriot missiles received from the United States to Saudi Arabia, a move that could be the result of Saudi Arabia’s failure against Yemeni missiles and drones. The US-made Patriot anti-aircraft systems will be used to protect Saudi Arabia’s most important oil facilities, and the Greek systems will be used to protect other important military bases in that country. In recent months, Saudi Arabia has been under the burden of missile and drone strikes by the Yemeni armed forces and has never been able to thwart those attacks with its own defense systems.
Mahmoud Fazeli – analyst of international affairs

Strategic Importance of Libyan Developments for Turkey and Greece

Strategic Council Online – The Eastern Mediterranean, border issues as well as the maritime agreement between Turkey and Libya are among the axes that have caused tensions between Greece and Turkey over the past two years. One of the contentious issues between the two neighbors is the internal developments in Libya. The visits of the leaders of both Libyan factions to Turkey and Greece have been met with fringe and controversy, and the crisis in Libya has practically added to the scope of the traditional rivalry between Athens and Ankara. Libya is in a geopolitically sensitive position, and its developments directly affect the security of Africa, the Middle East and Europe. If the Libyan crisis is resolved, the country can increase its oil production in 2 to 3 years and start oil trade with southern Europe.
Mahmoud Fazeli – Analyst of international affairs

US Role in Recent Russia-Ukraine Tensions

Strategic Council Online – New movements on the Russian-Ukrainian borders are more related to the resurgence of traditional differences and geopolitical rivalries between Russia and the United States than to the Moscow-Kiev bilateral relationship.
Shoaib Bahman – Expert on Russian affairs

Pros and cons of Nord Stream2 pipeline project: reasons and prospects

Strategic Council Online—Opinion: The construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project which lies undersea from Russia through the Black Sea to Germany has caused something like a “geopolitical earthquake” and concerns in the United States and some European countries. There are discussions Nord Stream 2 can provide Kremlin with a new leverage against Germany and other NATO members. The construction of this pipeline which stopped in 2019 has resumed in December 2020 in the midst of discussions as to whether the new US sanctions could once again disrupt the completion of the pipeline.
Alireza Samoodi—Expert of European issues

Will unification of power in Kosovo result in normalization of relations with Serbia?

Online Strategic Council—Opinion: Madam Vjosa Osmani-Sadriu, 38 years old, educated in the United States and candidate of the ruling party for the position of President of Kosovo, was elected as the new President of Kosovo in the third round of voting in the 112-seat parliament with the positive vote of 71 MPs. In this voting, 11 votes were disqualified and two opposition parties and one Serb-minority party boycotted voting in the parliament. Osmani-Sadriu, former speaker of the parliament, is the second women to be elected president in Kosovo after the Balkans conflict. She is holding a ceremonial position now however she plays the leading role in determining Kosovo’s foreign policy while she is the commander in chief of the armed forces. She became the interim chief of cabinet in November 2020 after Hashim Thaci resigned as the president of Kosovo. Thaci submitted his resignation before a court in the Netherlands began investigating war crimes. Hashim Thaci is awaiting the court.
Mahmood Fazeli—International affairs analyst

Proportional, Reciprocal Response to Nuclear Terrorism

Strategic Council Online – The sabotage at Natanz nuclear facility is, in view of the head of Iran Atomic Energy Organization, tantamount to “nuclear terrorism” and according to the available signs and evidences, the finger of blame has been pointed at the Zionist regime; now the question is what is the proportional and reciprocal response to this terrorist movement and what dimensions can it have?
Dr. Ali Karbalaei Hosseini – International Law Expert

Opportunity for Technological Development in Iran-China Strategic Cooperation

Strategic Council Online – Note: Today, no one can deny that the world has entered into the digital age and that global production and marketing have entered into new conditions and waves. In the field of commodity production, experts talk about the fourth wave of the industrial revolution. Robotics of machinery and widespread use of artificial intelligence (AI), natural language processing (NLP), Internet of Things (IoT), and blockchain will greatly reduce costs and increase the speed of production, distribution, and supply of goods in an incredible way. These events quickly derail third-wave factories which, even assuming the use of the best and most up-to-date production methods, will still have low productivity.
Iman Samadinia – economic diplomacy researcher

Importance, Implications of Signing 25-Year Iran-China Comprehensive Strategic Partnership Document

Strategic Council Online – Since the plan for the 25-year comprehensive cooperation was sketched between Iran and China in Dey 1394 (December 2015), following the visit of President Xi Jinping and Foreign Minister Wang Yi of China to the Middle East and signing of the cooperation plan document in Farvardin1400 (March/April) 2021), the issue of promoting Iran-China relations has been the focus of national and international scientific-political circles. The existence of differences, conflicting views, and various political and economic analyses from the very beginning of this document indicates that a clear understanding of the nature of this cooperation, the scope of activities, and its positive or negative consequences have not yet been achieved. In order to understand the consequences of signing a 25-year comprehensive cooperation document for domestic and international observers, it is necessary to take a brief look at the structural changes in the international system, regional developments, and Iran’s domestic policies.
Fatemeh Mahrough – Assistant Professor of International Relations, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Reasons for Turkey’s Withdrawal from Istanbul Convention, Its Consequences

Strategic Council Online – Turkey withdrew from the Istanbul Convention following the instructions and decision of its president which was also published in the Official Gazette. The decree says that the decision had been taken pursuant to Paragraph 3 of the presidential circular No. 9 on the cancellation of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence, signed by the Republic of Turkey in 2011 and approved by cabinet ministers one year later.
Mahmoud Fazeli – Analyst of international affairs

US, China on the Brink of Cold War?

Strategic Council Online – The puzzles of strategic rivalry between China and the United States seem to be arranged rapidly, and the world should expect a new rivalry between Washington and Beijing as it did during the Cold War, and at the same time as the United States and the Soviet Union affected the whole world, the rivalry between the United States and China could affect the interests and security of many countries.
Tahmoures Gholami – Expert on US affairs

Turkey’s Strategy to Export Military Drones

Strategic Council Online – Turkey has made significant progress in the military industry, and is known in the world not only in the production of light and heavy weapons, vehicles, ships and military aircraft, but has also outstanding activity in the design and development of missiles, electronic systems and control.
Mahmoud Fazeli – Analyst of international affairs

Saudi-West Coalition Concerned about Ansarollah’s Military Advances

Strategic Council Online – Without considering the ground realities in Yemen and without taking into account common concerns of Riyadh and Western capitals, it is not possible to understand the reasons for the change in propaganda and declared positions of Washington officials and their so-called peaceful movements in Yemen.
Jafar Qanadbashi – expert on the Middle East affairs

The role of Norooz civilizational domain in advancing foreign policy

Strategic Council Online—Opinion: Under the present global economic and political circumstances, the role of cultural and public diplomacy is very significant as a chain which links diplomatic relations. Cultural diplomacy and public diplomacy are the cornerstone and a proper ground for the advancement of foreign policy and Norooz here can play a significant role as an important global event.
Mirqasem Momeni—Managing Director of Cheshm Andaz Abrar Novin Institute

An Analysis of Biden’s National Security Document and Its Difference from Trump Era

Strategic Council Online – A faculty member of the Center for Strategic Studies, referring to the threats mentioned in the interim national security document of the Biden administration, said: This document emphasizes the competition between the great powers and the threat of changing the distribution of power in the international system and in the US foreign policy, unlike in the past, terrorism and extremism are no longer the primary threat to the US national security.

Elimination of Chinaphobia; necessary to Develop Cooperation with China

Strategic Council Online – Publication of a draft of the 25-year Iran-China agreement was one of the most important issues last year, which attracted great attention both in domestic and foreign circles. The realization of what is stated in the draft of this agreement can have very positive consequences, at least in the field of economy, not only for Iran but also for China.
Mohammad Javad Ghahremani – expert on international relations