Tag: Erdogan

Collective engagement in the Caucasus; securing the interests of all regional countries

Strategic Council Online—Interview: An analyst of the Caucasus issues says any efforts to change international borders and geopolitics of the region are considered as redline for Iran, adding that “it is expected that the emphasis of the Azerbaijan Republic on the 3+3 model of cooperation will be beyond the policies applied by this country and we would witness measures which would indicate this country is interested in collective and regional political cooperation instead of reliance on the Zionist regime or foreign powers”.

Message, Outcome of Recent Erdogan-Putin Summit

Strategic Council Online – Opinion: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin met on September 29 in the Black Sea resort city of Sochi, Russia. Of course, the short duration of the meeting compared to the long meetings in the past has attracted the attention of analysts who have assessed the event as being related to the escalation of differences between the two sides on some issues. Erdogan and Putin have met 26 times in person since the war in November 2015, when a Russian fighter plane was shot down by Turkey. The last meeting of the leaders of the two countries was held on March 5, 2020 in Moscow.
Mahmoud Fazeli – International affairs analyst

Turkey’s Relations with Arab States, Its Regional Effects

Strategic Council Online – Opinion: Ten years since the effects of the Arab Spring on the countries of the region, it seems that this time a different spring weather condition has begun to prevail among countries of the Arab world and Turkey.
Mahmoud Fazeli – International affairs analyst

Turkey’s Strategic View of Developments in Afghanistan

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An expert on Turkey affairs commenting on Turkey’s new role in Afghanistan after the Taliban seizure of Kabul said: Ankara’s view of Kabul is a strategic one, and given the geopolitical situation of Afghanistan, in a long-term strategy, Turkey is striving for extensive military cooperation with that country, and in the meantime, Turkey’s good relations with Pakistan is strengthening this demand.

The Root Causes of the Disputes between Greece and Turkey, Prospects for Resolving

Strategic Council Online: Issues such as territorial waters, flight information areas, disputed maritime zones, arming islands, and violation of rights of Turk minority in Thrace (Muslim inhabitant regions of Greece) have been among cases to cause tension between Ankara and Athens within the recent decades. All evidences stipulate that there is no conceivable perspective to de-escalate tensions between the two countries in near future. Despite counselling and agreements already made, yet there is not adequate stability to preserve them. Thus, they can be subject to questions.
Mahmoud Fazeli, International Analyst

Turkey’s Foreign Policy and Upcoming Challenges

Strategic Council Online – Evidence shows that developments in Afghanistan, Libya, Egypt, Cyprus and Greece will overshadow Turkey’s foreign policy in the coming months.
Mahmoud Fazeli – Analyst of international affairs

Perspective of Relations between Turkey and the US during Biden

Strategic Council Online- An expert and analyst on Turkey said in a dialogue about relations between Ankara and Washington during President Biden: “the relations between Turkey and the US were impressed by different issues within the last decade. The issues cast shadow on the relations, the result of which can be seen even now.”

New Approach in Turkish Foreign Policy; Consequences & Prospects

Strategic Council Online – In recent weeks, the Turkish government, in the shadow of media silence, has been shaping certain frameworks in its foreign relations with some countries and players in the region, including the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the Zionist regime which could be analyzed and evaluated with such indicators as “pragmatic rotation”, “balancing” or “foreign policy reform”; until recently, Ankara had more or less escalated tensions with those countries and players, and even went as far as political and security conflicts.
Hamid Khoshayand – international affairs analyst

EU Carrot and Stick Policy towards Turkey

Strategic Council Online – The European Parliament has recently approved an EU report in which it strongly criticized the human rights situation in Turkey and called for a halt to Turkey’s full membership negotiations. The report and the draft resolution, prepared by Nacho Sanchez Amour, the Spanish Envoy at the European Parliament, and has a recommendatory nature, were approved by 480 votes in favor, 64 against, and 150 abstentions.
Mahmoud Fazeli – International affairs analyst

Muslim Brotherhood and Turkey’s Strategic View in Negotiations with Egypt

Strategic Council Online – A university professor, stressing that Turkey would never move towards eliminating the Muslim Brotherhood and will maintain relationships with them and in some cases use their card to score points, said: Turkey’s view of foreign policy issues is not ideological, but based on interests.

Strategic Importance of Libyan Developments for Turkey and Greece

Strategic Council Online – The Eastern Mediterranean, border issues as well as the maritime agreement between Turkey and Libya are among the axes that have caused tensions between Greece and Turkey over the past two years. One of the contentious issues between the two neighbors is the internal developments in Libya. The visits of the leaders of both Libyan factions to Turkey and Greece have been met with fringe and controversy, and the crisis in Libya has practically added to the scope of the traditional rivalry between Athens and Ankara. Libya is in a geopolitically sensitive position, and its developments directly affect the security of Africa, the Middle East and Europe. If the Libyan crisis is resolved, the country can increase its oil production in 2 to 3 years and start oil trade with southern Europe.
Mahmoud Fazeli – Analyst of international affairs

Turkey’s Efforts to Maintain Presence in Libya, Prospect of Negotiations with Egypt

Strategic Council Online – A university professor said that Turkey and Egypt are forced to negotiate on issues of common interests in the Mediterranean and North Africa, adding: It is likely that in the near future we will see the start of negotiations and somehow redefine cooperation between Egypt and Turkey, the two active actors in the Libyan equation.

Reasons for Turkey’s Withdrawal from Istanbul Convention, Its Consequences

Strategic Council Online – Turkey withdrew from the Istanbul Convention following the instructions and decision of its president which was also published in the Official Gazette. The decree says that the decision had been taken pursuant to Paragraph 3 of the presidential circular No. 9 on the cancellation of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence, signed by the Republic of Turkey in 2011 and approved by cabinet ministers one year later.
Mahmoud Fazeli – Analyst of international affairs

Turkey’s strategy towards Egypt

Strategic Council Online—Editorial: Turkey’s foreign minister Mevlut Cavusoglu announced in a news conference that Ankara has sent a positive message to the Egyptian government in Cairo. After eight years of turbulent relations between the two countries, Cavusoglu said Turkey has made contacts at the intelligence and diplomatic levels with Egypt and Ankara is ready to sign an agreement with Cairo to assign marine borders through negotiation under the present circumstances. And Turkey considers as positive the activities of Egypt in the Mediterranean Sea excavations. Egypt has implicitly recognized Turkey’s marine borders and sent a positive message to Ankara in this way.

Mahmoud Fazeli—Analyst of international relations

Major Challenges of Turkey’s Foreign Policy in 2021

Strategic Council Online – Turkey has started its foreign policy in the New Year with fear and hope. Its relations with the United States, the European Union, Greece, Russia, the Zionist regime, Syria and Saudi Arabia are among Turkey’s most important challenges.
Mahmoud Fazeli – International affairs analyst

Foreign Policy Doctrine of Justice and Development Party towards Iran

Strategic Council Online – The two governments of Iran and Turkey have been the two balanced, stable and important governments in the region for centuries, and these two governments, within the historical context, have always been the main players in the region.
Dr. Mohsen Eslami – Faculty member of Tarbiat Modarres University

Model Ruling over Iran-Turkey Relations; Cooperation and Political Rivalry

Strategic Council Online – Note: Iran and Turkey are the two important countries in the West Asia region and inheritors of great empires and historical hegemony that have always been in “competition and cooperation” with each other. Although the two countries have different and sometimes competitive roles and effects in the region and disagree on various issues, those differences have never meant ignoring and overshadowing the many common interests in bilateral relations.
Hamid Khoshayand – International Affairs Analyst

The consequences of the US sanctions on Turkey

Strategic Council Online—Editorial: Due to consciously cooperation with Russian arms company Rosoboronexport and the purchase of the S-400 missile defense systems, Turkey has gone under US sanctions of CAATSA as Washington does not tolerate interaction with Russia in military domains by other countries. The purchase of S-400 missile defense systems by Turkey has endangered the safety of the US military personnel and technology and would provide access for Russia to the armed forces and defense industries of Turkey. The main goal of US sanctions on Turkey is to prevent Russia from reaping huge financial gains and accessing and impacting the NATO defense systems. US Foreign Secretary Mike Pompeo has asked Turkey to resolve the issue of S-400 with long-term cooperation in the defense sector and adapt once again itself with the rules of NATO and the purchase of arms compatible with this military alliance treaty.
Mahmoud Fazeli, expert of international issues

Mutual Turkey-EU Feeling; Too Close, Too Far

Strategic Council Online – Europe is pursuing a kind of “tilt but don’t spill” attitude towards Turkey, based on which it is neither indifferent nor reacts harshly.
Afshin Zargar – PhD in International Relations, Faculty Member

Ambiguity Surrounds Turkey’s Goals in 6-Country Regional Coop Platform

Strategic Council Online – A faculty member of Tarbiat Modares University, stating that Turkey seeks to revive its soft power with the idea of regional convergence, said: Details of this plan, its common interests and threats are not clear and there is an ambiguity that basically to what extent bringing those countries together can be realistic and practical.