Category: Economy

Future Cooperation of Iraq & Russia on Energy Sector

Having enjoyed the extensive reserves of gas and oil, Iraq has always been an interesting country for foreign investors and well-known and major companies in the energy field. But political-security incidents and unrests of the country within the past few decades have made it hard and even sometimes impossible for activities in the energy field. Unlike other Arab countries of the Persian Gulf, not enough investment was made in Iraq especially in the energy sector.

Goals and consequences of China’s new demographic policy

Strategic Council Online: Opinion—China has recently decided to support couples who are willing in having three children. What are the goals and consequences of this policy?
Reza Majidzadeh—Researcher of the political economy of development

Russia and SWIFT

Strategic Council Online – A spokesman for the Russian Foreign Ministry recently announced that Russia is preparing to be removed from SWIFT. His remarks came in response to a European Parliament resolution calling for Russia to cut ties with SWIFT if it continues to invade Ukraine. The question now is how feasible is this Russian move? What are its implications for SWIFT and international trade? What are the roots of this decision and how far can the countries involved in SWIFT go with the option of sanctioning and leaving SWIFT?
Reza Majidzadeh – Researcher of development political economy

Brazil and China; from trader partnership to strategic alliance

Strategic Council Online—Opinion: Given that the strategic cooperation agreement signed between Iran and China has been top on the headlines of many Iranian and international media outlets, the comparative study of such cooperation can illuminate the public opinion and raise awareness on the nature of such agreements.
Amir Mohammad Reisian—Researcher, Latin America Desk, Economic Diplomacy Studies Office, Imam Sadeq University

Pros and cons of Nord Stream2 pipeline project: reasons and prospects

Strategic Council Online—Opinion: The construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project which lies undersea from Russia through the Black Sea to Germany has caused something like a “geopolitical earthquake” and concerns in the United States and some European countries. There are discussions Nord Stream 2 can provide Kremlin with a new leverage against Germany and other NATO members. The construction of this pipeline which stopped in 2019 has resumed in December 2020 in the midst of discussions as to whether the new US sanctions could once again disrupt the completion of the pipeline.
Alireza Samoodi—Expert of European issues

Opportunity for Technological Development in Iran-China Strategic Cooperation

Strategic Council Online – Note: Today, no one can deny that the world has entered into the digital age and that global production and marketing have entered into new conditions and waves. In the field of commodity production, experts talk about the fourth wave of the industrial revolution. Robotics of machinery and widespread use of artificial intelligence (AI), natural language processing (NLP), Internet of Things (IoT), and blockchain will greatly reduce costs and increase the speed of production, distribution, and supply of goods in an incredible way. These events quickly derail third-wave factories which, even assuming the use of the best and most up-to-date production methods, will still have low productivity.
Iman Samadinia – economic diplomacy researcher

Elimination of Chinaphobia; necessary to Develop Cooperation with China

Strategic Council Online – Publication of a draft of the 25-year Iran-China agreement was one of the most important issues last year, which attracted great attention both in domestic and foreign circles. The realization of what is stated in the draft of this agreement can have very positive consequences, at least in the field of economy, not only for Iran but also for China.
Mohammad Javad Ghahremani – expert on international relations

Implications of Removing USD from China Stock Exchange Transactions

Strategic Council Online – China and the United States, which have expanded the scale of their trade war over the past four years, have entered into an apparent currency war so that China also removed the dollar from its exchange transactions. Thus, the yuan replaced the US dollar in stock trading, and now the question arises, what are the consequences of this move of China’s?
Reza Majidzadeh – Researcher on Political Economy of Development

Requirements to Improve Economic Relations with Neighbors

Strategic Council Online – Our pioneering and operational units in foreign policy, namely the Iranian embassies in the region, must actively pursue the policy of economic diplomacy; this is necessary and useful both for export marketing and for attracting interstate cooperation and export of technical and engineering services.
Reza Majidzadeh – Researcher of Development Political Economy

The trend of the global debt crisis and the future perspective

Strategic Council Online-Editorial: With rising hopes for alleviating the Covid-19 outbreak, experts are studying the legacy and impact of this crisis on the global economy.
Iman Samadinia—researcher of the Economic Diplomacy Studies Office, University of Imam Sadeq (AS)

Future of Chinese and Russian SWIFTs

Strategic Council Online – Professor of Political Economy and Public Policy Department at Allameh Tabatabaei University, explaining the features of the Russian and Chinese SWIFTs, said: What could become the strong point of the Chinese and Russian SWIFTs is that if the volume, number, and scope of US sanctions expands in the world; those could become the SWIFT of the US-sanctioned block, and they could gain tremendous maneuvering power in the world of economics.

US Sanctions against Iran, a Tool or a Strategy?

Strategic Council Online – National governments and international institutions such as the United Nations and the European Union impose economic sanctions with an aim of forcing, deterring, punishing or discrediting entities that jeopardize their interests or violate the so-called international norms. In fact, the philosophy of the existence of sanctions is a tool for the punishment and consequently forcing the target country to change its behavior. Sanctions are generally seen as a low-cost, low-risk route, and in fact as a course between diplomacy and war.
Peyman Hassani – Researcher at the Office of Economic Diplomacy Studies, Imam Sadegh (AS) University

Developments in Current Order in Global Financial System

Strategic Council Online – China, by applying the strategy of making countries indebted through loans or commodity financing, seeks to play a role similar to US domination over the global financial system during the reconstruction of the post-World War II Europe.
Reza Majidzadeh – Researcher of Political Economy of Development

International implications of the reduction in the US shale oil production

Strategic Council Online—Editorial: Bloomberg recently published a report on the end of remarkable growth in the production of shale oil by the United States; of course, the reduction of shale oil production is not a new phenomenon. It actually began several months ago. However, the recent report indicates a rapid reduction at a level some analysts cannot envisage a growth in the shale oil production even for the year 2023.
Reza Majidzadeh-Economics researcher

Negative Consequences of Saudi Economic Investment in Iraq

Strategic Council Online: An expert on the Middle East affairs, referring to the protest rally of the Iraqis in response to Saudi Arabia’s investment in their country, said: The government of Mustafa Al-Kadhimi is looking to foreign investment, especially by the wealthy states in the Persian Gulf, to alleviate economic problems – countries that in the past two decades, with the support of the ISIS and some extremist Sunni groups in Iraq, have always tried to prevent any stabilization and security in the war-torn country.

Euro Overtaking USD in SWIFT; Defeat of Dollar’s Monopoly?

Strategic Council Online – For the first time in eight years, the EU-based euro remittances have surpassed US dollar-denominated exchanges, according to the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT).
Reza Majidzadeh – Researcher in Development Economics

Agreement of 15 Asian Countries Promises Decline of USD-Based Global Economy

Strategic Council Online – An expert on political economy, noting that we are entering a multipolar world with different blocs, said: Even in viewpoint of the Japanese, the current economic and dollar-based order is coming to an end and, therefore, they are preparing themselves for a multilateral economic system.

Greece Seeks Suspension of EU Customs Union with Turkey

Strategic Council Online: Tensions between Greece and Turkey in the East Mediterranean Sea have entered a complicated phase over Turkey’s measures regarding drillings and exploration activities in the region.
Mahmoud Fazeli – Expert on Europe Affairs