Turkey “Uncertain Partner” for Russia, the West in Ukraine Crisis

2022/03/07 | interview, political, top news

Strategic Council Online - Interview: A university professor, stating that Turkey’s policy in the face of Ukraine crisis was a positive balancing, said: Turkey is an “uncertain partner” for the West and the East, and this characteristic has become especially prominent under the current situation, and it cannot be considered a stable partner for either side.

Dr. Vali Golmohammadi, speaking in an interview with the website of the Strategic Council on Foreign Relations, stated that the Ukraine crisis has been a central challenge for Turkey’s national interests and regional and national security from the very beginning, adding: To prevent the crisis from happening, Turkey offered mediation to the two sides, which was welcomed by both sides, but this did not happen and the Russians reached the conclusion that the only option they had was a military strike.

The university professor continued: With such measure, Erdogan immediately criticized the NATO and Western powers and said that they were the ones who provoked Russia by announcing NATO’s entry into Ukraine; thus the initial provocation was from the European powers; the Europeans, on the other hand, blamed the Turkish government for selling “Bayraktar” drones to Ukraine and rendering open military support to that country, which provoked Russia and gave Russia the impression that NATO was comprehensively selling weapons to Ukraine.

Golmohammadi, saying that Turkey’s main position was to prevent the outbreak of war, cited Turkey’s extensive bilateral relations with Ukraine and Russia as the reason for such position, adding: Russia is Turkey’s third largest trading partner and their trade volume is estimated at 20 billion dollars. They had important understandings in the fields of energy and security, including the subject matter of buying the S400. Meanwhile, the Russians are working on the Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant in Turkey.

Recalling that there are several strategic ties between Turkey and Russia in various conflicts and that Turkey did not want to harm this level of relations, the Turkish expert also referred to the extensive Ankara-Kiev relations and clarified: military and security of the Black Sea are also benefits. It threatens Turkey and therefore it did not welcome it.

Turkey’s efforts for positive balancing

He stressed: Turkey’s policy on the Ukraine crisis was a positive balancing measure and sought to manage tensions and differences. Of course, the Russians assessed that Turkey was acting in support of Ukraine; because it did not want the Donbass region be joined to Russia. They also opposed the annexation of Crimea and have not yet recognized the annexation of Ossetia, Abkhazia and Crimea; therefore their position with regard to Donbass was clear.

Golmohammadi added: Turkey provided weapons to Ukraine and sent 20 drones from the contract for the sale of 100 Bayraktar drones, which has annoyed the Russians in the current war. Turkey, on the other hand, has political and diplomatic support for Ukraine and is trying to make Russia retreat.

The expert on Turkey affairs added: But when Zelensky asked Erdogan to close the Bosphorus and Dardanelles on Russian warships, Turkey did not do so for political and strategic reasons, although it has shown positive signs in this regard. If this was done, the situation on the ground would have changed in favor of Ukraine.

Turkey’s considerations for Bosphorus

He explained: For Turkey, this is a strategic decision that will affect the fate of the war and will have consequences for Ankara. In fact, the Montreux Convention is an agreement that is completely in favor of Turkey and shows its sovereignty over the Strait. Therefore, under the current situation, Turkey does not want to take any action that would involve it with the Russians and cause the country to reconsider the provisions of that agreement. Any revision of the terms of the agreement will be to the detriment of Turkey. At one point, Stalin even called for change in it, which the Westerners prevented by bringing Turkey into NATO.

Golmohammadi stated that under such circumstances, Turkey will not allow NATO warships to cross the Strait; because it knows that there is no guarantee that NATO will support Ankara in the event of a conflict, adding: The Turkish elite refer to the Black Sea as the Russian Lake because they envision basically no military action for Turkey. According to them, the region is under Russian military sovereignty, and its Achilles heel is considered to be the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles.

Turkey an uncertain partner

The university professor, emphasizing that Turkey is basically not a certain partner for any of the countries, referred to Turkey’s criticism of NATO that the reaction of NATO and Western countries to Russia’s attack on Ukraine was not “decisive and determined” and said: In fact, Turkey is an “uncertain partner” for the West and the East, which has become especially prominent under the current situation. This country does not want to accept any obligations that it could not evade easily and in various circumstances.

Recalling that the fate of some of Turkey’s policies and interests is tied to Russia, Golmohammadi called the fields of energy, security and arms purchases among the platforms that make cooperation with Russia a necessity for the country, and said: In Libya, Syria, Iraqi Kurdistan and the South Caucasus as well as other regional conflicts a kind of strategic similar fate has been created between Russia and Turkey, and they are somehow side by side or opposite to each other, and know that any differences in Ukraine will overflow to the level of their differences in other regions.

Stressing that Russia is a major national security threat to Turkey and Ankara does not want to stand up to Moscow, he added: Turkey is frustrated by Europe’s passivity and is convinced that it should not confront Russia due to NATO’s concerns; therefore it tries to manage its differences with Russia and not stand against it.

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

LATEST CONTENT

An Analysis on the Adoption the IAEA Board of Governors’ Resolution Against Iran

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An international lawyer and senior expert on international affairs said: The abstention and negative votes to the resolution of the Board of Governors regarding Iran should not overshadow the importance of the resolution’s content. In the past, there had been resolutions that were adopted with a similar voting ratio but that, nevertheless, ultimately left a negative impact on the nuclear dossier by shifting the course towards an unfavorable direction.

An Analysis of US House Vote to Sanction International Criminal Court

Strategic Council Online—Interview: A researcher of West Asian issues said: The US House of Representatives voted by a comfortable majority on June 4 to impose sanctions on the International Criminal Court (ICC) following its prosecutor’s decision to seek arrest warrants for Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Defense Minister Yoav Gallant. The move by the House was taken in full support of the Zionist regime.

Russia’s Strategy in Response to Western Sanctions

Strategic Council Online – Opinion: Following the escalation of tensions between Russia and Western countries due to the war in Ukraine, Moscow is looking for solutions to deal with the extensive sanctions of the United States and its allies.
Hossein Sayyahi, researcher of international politics

Ambiguities and Prospects of the New US Plan to End the Gaza War

Strategic Council Online: – Opinion: US President Joe Biden recently presented a four-and-a-half-page plan to establish a ceasefire and end the Gaza war. After his speech at the White House, the American President announced that the Zionist regime proposed this plan.
Hamid Khoshayand, an expert on regional issues

An Analysis of the Proposed Peace Plans for Ceasefire in Gaza

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An expert on international issues said: The plans proposed by some Arab governments and the United States for a ceasefire in Gaza and the end of the war are not operational, and rather than looking at solving the crisis in Gaza and Rafah, these countries are after their own national interests.

Growing Trend of Recognition of Independent State of Palestine in the World

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An expert on international issues said China’s position on recognizing the Palestinian state is not a new issue, but this agreement and cooperation in the global trend will strengthen the position of supporting Palestine and forming an independent Palestinian state.

France’s Role-Making in West Asia

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An expert on European issues spoke about France’s efforts to negotiate with regional countries on the Gaza war; West Asia is having hard times and in the process of transformation; Netanyahu is finished, and everyone is preparing for a significant change.

Loading

Últimas publicaciones

An Analysis on the Adoption the IAEA Board of Governors’ Resolution Against Iran

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An international lawyer and senior expert on international affairs said: The abstention and negative votes to the resolution of the Board of Governors regarding Iran should not overshadow the importance of the resolution’s content. In the past, there had been resolutions that were adopted with a similar voting ratio but that, nevertheless, ultimately left a negative impact on the nuclear dossier by shifting the course towards an unfavorable direction.

An Analysis of US House Vote to Sanction International Criminal Court

Strategic Council Online—Interview: A researcher of West Asian issues said: The US House of Representatives voted by a comfortable majority on June 4 to impose sanctions on the International Criminal Court (ICC) following its prosecutor’s decision to seek arrest warrants for Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Defense Minister Yoav Gallant. The move by the House was taken in full support of the Zionist regime.

Russia’s Strategy in Response to Western Sanctions

Strategic Council Online – Opinion: Following the escalation of tensions between Russia and Western countries due to the war in Ukraine, Moscow is looking for solutions to deal with the extensive sanctions of the United States and its allies.
Hossein Sayyahi, researcher of international politics

Ambiguities and Prospects of the New US Plan to End the Gaza War

Strategic Council Online: – Opinion: US President Joe Biden recently presented a four-and-a-half-page plan to establish a ceasefire and end the Gaza war. After his speech at the White House, the American President announced that the Zionist regime proposed this plan.
Hamid Khoshayand, an expert on regional issues

An Analysis of the Proposed Peace Plans for Ceasefire in Gaza

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An expert on international issues said: The plans proposed by some Arab governments and the United States for a ceasefire in Gaza and the end of the war are not operational, and rather than looking at solving the crisis in Gaza and Rafah, these countries are after their own national interests.

Growing Trend of Recognition of Independent State of Palestine in the World

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An expert on international issues said China’s position on recognizing the Palestinian state is not a new issue, but this agreement and cooperation in the global trend will strengthen the position of supporting Palestine and forming an independent Palestinian state.

France’s Role-Making in West Asia

Strategic Council Online – Interview: An expert on European issues spoke about France’s efforts to negotiate with regional countries on the Gaza war; West Asia is having hard times and in the process of transformation; Netanyahu is finished, and everyone is preparing for a significant change.

Loading