New Challenges of Turkey in Syria

Strategic Council Online- Interview: Having stated that Turkey will not withdraw from Syria without clash, an analyst on West Asia affairs said:” It appears that the new threatening remarks of Mr. Erdogan on Syria is most probably a reaction to Damascus’ will to start a new round of struggles and to liberate regions occupied by terrorists and Turkish forces.

Having pointed out to the remarks made by Erdogan who had said Turkey would not wait anymore in areas in Syria where there are fights against her forces and had decided to remove threats in these regions, Sa’adollah Zarei in an interview with the site of Strategic Council on Foreign Relations noted that:” the remarks made by Turkish President followed by the killing of two police forces of Turkey in Syria were not in fact addressed to and about Kurds, instead they were ultimatum against Syrian government”.

The expert on West Asia affairs elaborated the operation launched by Turkey in Syrian territory and added:” Based on assessments made so far Turkey has nearly 20000 military personnel, different weaponry, equipment and facilities, bases and garrisons in Syria. Erdogan never took any authorization for his measures against Kurds from central government in Syria and never sought for any authorization”.

Having stated that Syrian Army has deployed more equipment and forces to the Southern vicinity of Idlib and simultaneously has targeted terrorist positions in the axis of Jabal Zavieh in the vicinity of Idlib, Zarei said about the reasons why Erdogan has recently threatened Syria and stressed that:” Syrian Army is planning a new round of measures to liberate the regions under occupation and it seems that the military operations of Syrian Army will start and develop within the coming weeks in Idlib and its surroundings”.

He added:” in such a situation, one of the forces addressed by the Syrian nation, government and army will be occupying forces of Turkey who have been stationed in regions of Syrian territory without the permission of Damascus government. They had dispatched forces to these areas and have established an authority there, on the basis of which they issue orders to Syrian citizens and even they domineer over Syrian citizens in Turkish language. Turkey has made effort to change the demography of these regions and thus has interfered in many of cultural-social aspects of the indigenous inhabitants”.

The expert on West Asia affairs said:” these forces should naturally leave Syria”. Mr. Bashar Assad has explicitly declared and stressed that all aggressive forces including the U.S. and other aggressive forces should leave the Syrian territory. In such a situation and in order to prevent this to happen, Mr. Erdogan took an upper hand and with a threatening literature says that Turkish patience runs out!

Zarei continued:” If Turkish patience runs out to the situation that has been created by themselves within the past ten years, she can leave the Syrian territory and goes back to her own country, because according to the international laws, she has occupied Syria!

He added:” so, it seems the positions are more likely taken as a reaction to the will of Syrian nation and army to launch a new round of fights against the terrorists stationed in the North of Syria and to liberate these regions”.

Having stressed the will of Syrian government to liberate the regions occupied by foreign forces and also terrorists, the analyst on the West Asia affairs pointed out to the note of the president of Turkey addressed to the parliament of the country in which he asked for extension of the allowance to launch military operations in Syria and Iraq for another two years and said:” It is very important for Turkey to maintain the regions of Syrian territory occupied by her forces. Although the country is experiencing economic challenges on the eve of holding election, but for sure, she would definitely not withdraw from Syria without clash”.

Having referred to the recent visit of Bashar Assad to Russia, trip made by Russian delegation to Damascus and dispatching military equipment and weaponry from Russia to Syria, Zarei added:” Turkish authorities have also claimed that if Erdogan’s negotiations with the presidents of the U.S. and Russia does not lead to result, Turkey will start her military measures in the North of Syria. It appears that we will witness military clashes between Turkey and Syria within the coming weeks in these regions, and the possibility of such military clash is not underestimated”.

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