Strategic Council Online—Interview: An analyst of Russian affairs says the heavy shadow of Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea to Russia still prevails Russian relations with Europe, adding that the most important message of the recent positions of the European Union leaders for Russia was that if Moscow adopts a new aggressive policy in this region, this relationship which is being reconstructed after several years of costs would be totally destroyed.
Strategic Council Online – A faculty member of Allameh Tabatabai University said that the growing tension between Russia and the United States has gripped Ukraine and will be fueled by Biden’s policies, adding that dispatch of NATO troops around Russia will force Moscow to increase its military spending at the cost of rising inflation and unemployment.
Strategic Council Online – A spokesman for the Russian Foreign Ministry recently announced that Russia is preparing to be removed from SWIFT. His remarks came in response to a European Parliament resolution calling for Russia to cut ties with SWIFT if it continues to invade Ukraine. The question now is how feasible is this Russian move? What are its implications for SWIFT and international trade? What are the roots of this decision and how far can the countries involved in SWIFT go with the option of sanctioning and leaving SWIFT?
Reza Majidzadeh – Researcher of development political economy
Strategic Council Online – An expert and analyst on Caucasus affairs, referring to the role of regional and trans-regional powers in the South Caucasus, said: There are issues and crises in the South Caucasus region, tensions have been frozen and if not properly managed, it is likely that the fire of ethnic and regional and perhaps international conflicts in this region would flare up again.
Strategic Council Online—Interview: An analyst of Russia affairs says the recent military movements of Russia near the border with Ukraine were a reaction to the feeling of threat posed by Washington against Moscow, adding that Russian officials tried to preempt what they had predicated about a change in the US policy towards Moscow during the Biden presidency.
Strategic Council Online – An expert on Russia affairs said that the United States and Russia are now in the worst possible relationship in recent years, adding: However, the approach of the two countries is interactive and their efforts are focused on the management of relations, and this level of tension would not go beyond a certain level and will subside in the near future.
Strategic Council Online—Editorial: In recent weeks and parallel with an increase in military movements along the Black Sea and Russia-Ukraine border, this region has been once again brought into the global focus.
Seyyed Nader Noorbakhsh-European affairs analyst
Strategic Council Online – New movements on the Russian-Ukrainian borders are more related to the resurgence of traditional differences and geopolitical rivalries between Russia and the United States than to the Moscow-Kiev bilateral relationship.
Shoaib Bahman – Expert on Russian affairs
Strategic Council Online—Opinion: The construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project which lies undersea from Russia through the Black Sea to Germany has caused something like a “geopolitical earthquake” and concerns in the United States and some European countries. There are discussions Nord Stream 2 can provide Kremlin with a new leverage against Germany and other NATO members. The construction of this pipeline which stopped in 2019 has resumed in December 2020 in the midst of discussions as to whether the new US sanctions could once again disrupt the completion of the pipeline.
Alireza Samoodi—Expert of European issues
Strategic Council Online—Editorial: The issue of the completion of the Nordstream 2 pipeline has turned into a new crisis between the United States and Russia as well as the transatlantic relations.
Alireza Samoodi-Expert of Europe issues
Strategic Council Online – An expert on Europe affairs believes that a series of developments occurred in the Russian-European relations over the past three decades since the collapse of the Soviet Union show that European and American governments see Russia not as a partner but as a rival.
Strategic Council Online-Editorial: The interference of the White House in the domestic affairs of Russia during the past one month concerning the Alexi Navalny issue indicated that the Biden administration is profiting from the tools of democracy and human rights for its own interest in order to obtain maximal interests in the global order. And this is an issue which can cause more frictions in the relations between the United States and Russia as Russia believes that the West presents a two-direction and conflicting definition of concrete concepts such as freedom, human rights and democracy.
Dr. Ahmad Vakhishteh, professor of the International Relations Faculty of the National Eurasia University
Strategic Council Online – A faculty member of Tarbiat Modares University, stating that Turkey seeks to revive its soft power with the idea of regional convergence, said: Details of this plan, its common interests and threats are not clear and there is an ambiguity that basically to what extent bringing those countries together can be realistic and practical.
Strategic Council Online –An expert on international affairs referred to the reciprocal sanctions between Russia and the European Union and said: In addition to the Crimea issue, espionage and anti-espionage activities have prevented Europe from approaching Russia, although Russia was trying to improve its relations with Europe but was not successful and still the relations are faced with serious challenges.
Strategic Council Online – One of the most important questions that have come to the attention of political circles and domestic media in recent weeks is the way the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Acton (JCPOA) will be treated by the new US administration and that what would be the fate of the JCPOA in the Biden administration?
Hamid Khoshayand – Expert on International Affairs
Strategic Council Online—Opinion: The United States believes that the power of Russia’s influence in Europe would be multiplied when the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline goes on stream and European countries would become more dependant on cheap gas coming from Russia.
Mahmoud Fazeli—Expert of European affairs
Strategic Council Online – Russia’s inference from the German-Belgian resolution proposed at the UN Security Council is that it could be a cover for the destructive activities of various Western countries in Syria, and therefore prevented the adoption of this resolution.
Hassan Beheshtipour – Expert on Russian Affairs
Strategic Council Online: In the short term, given the EU’s internal crises, it cannot be hoped that Brussels-Moscow relations will improve quickly, but in the medium and long terms, the EU due to its dependence on Russian energy and the fact that part of Russia is on the European continent, is forced to settle differences with Moscow and to reduce tensions in the relations with Russia.
Alireza Samoudi – European Affairs Expert
Strategic Council Online: In case of establishment of the ‘Club of Sanctioned’ the effectiveness of the sanctions tools, including synergies between the economies of the sanctioned countries, by using techniques such as expanding multilateral pacts, creating alternative financial messengers for SWIFT and initiating new financial platforms make these countries immune from US trade sanctions.
– Seyyed Mohammad Reza Mousavi / Political Economy Researcher, Office of Economic Diplomacy Studies, Imam Sadegh University
– Amir Hossein Arabpour / International Political Marketing Researcher, Office of Economic Diplomacy Studies, Imam Sadegh University
Strategic Council Online: Despite all the American pressures, Europeans are aware that Russia is their big neighbor and whether the US agrees or disagrees, they are not in a position to overlook their strategic neighbor although on certain occasions it could be a security threat for Europe.
Morteza Makki – European affairs expert