Inefficiency of the Minsk Group; necessity of incorporating a regional mechanism for the settlement of Karabakh dispute
Strategic Council Online: Editorial—The Security Council of the United Nations, having passed four UN resolutions in the primary years of the 1990s, has delegated the issue of the return of peace to Karabakh to regional organizations in particular to the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). In 1992, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe set up a mechanism under the title of the “Minsk Group”, comprising of nine countries, to deal with the settlement of the issue. The Minsk Group is currently chaired by the United States, Russia and France. Even though the Minsk Group managed to organize a ceasefire between the Republic of Azerbaijan and Armenia in Bishkek on 12 May 1994, it has failed during the past recent years to completely resolve the Karabakh dispute. Given the occurrence of two consecutive military confrontations since the beginning of 2020 with numerous dimensions, the issue of the performance and effectiveness of the Minsk Group is once again placed at the centre of the world’s attention.
Dr Shoayb Bahman, Expert of Russia affairs