Strategic Council Online – A university professor said that Turkey’s sphere of influence and territorialization in Libya is approaching the strategic depth and the first influence of Egypt, and in some cases they overlap. He added that at the beginning outbreak of clashes between Egypt and Turkey exists on the battlefield, but after a while when the two sides reach a balance in interests and the war turns into one of attrition they will go for negotiations.
Strategic Council Online – A Tehran University professor, referring to some dichotomies in the foreign policy of the United Arab Emirates, said: “The UAE wants to play a role greater than the limits of its capacity and geography. It wants to connect to different axes at the same time and be present on occasionally contradictory fronts in order to legitimize its existence and status.
Strategic Council Online – An international affairs expert said that the resolution to end the conflict in the context of the corona outbreak, like most Security Council resolutions, does not provide an executive guarantee, adding that UNSC members often have conflicting political stances and it is very difficult to agree on a text. At the same time there is not strong political resolve to implement these interpretive texts.
Strategic Council Online: Following recent incident in Mediterranean waters between Turkish and French navies, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has ordered an investigation into this unprecedented incident in the military relations between the two member states. The announcement of the arrest of members of a French spy network by Ankara, who were gathering information on Turkish soil, once again showed another questionable reflection of the internal developments of the NATO alliance and the deep differences in relations between its members.
Abolghasem Delphi – Former Ambassador to France
Strategic Council Online – A professor of geopolitics, referring to some of the European leaders’ positions and moves toward secession from the United States, said: “However, it should not be assumed that Europeans have seceded from the United States and do not consider Washington as their ally.” But in the current situation in Europe, Europe is waiting for the results of the elections in the United States in the next four months and if Mr. Biden comes to power, the United States and Europe will be closer again.”
Strategic Council Online – For the Westerners, any defeat and retreat of General Haftar’s forces mean the defeat of Egypt and the Arab reactionary states, which have sought to secure Western interests in Libya on a proxy basis, and now with the big defeat of Khalifa Haftar’s forces, have left the battlefield to the rival forces supported by Turkey.
Jafar Qanadbashi – African Affairs Expert
Strategic Council Online – Talking about the field progress of the National Unity Government and the defeats of Khalifa Haftar in Libya, a university professor said it is unlikely that peace will be achieved in Libya in the current situation. He stressed that other agreements should be reached in addition to the Skhirat peace agreement another deal must be forged taking into account the demands of the political groups because if the government of national unity fails to meet the people’s demands we may see extremist groups emerge in the country.
Strategic Council Online: Libya’s good economic opportunities have led European states to enter into serious disputes with each other in their bid to dominate Libya, each secretly and openly supporting one of the parties involved in Libya, or like the London government play a significant role in the ongoing Libyan conflict through their interventions in the Arab world and through the use of Arab reaction on their behalf.
Jafar Qanadbashi – Middle East Affairs Expert
Strategic Council Online: In the matter of fossil energy resources in the Mediterranean, Egypt, the Zionist regime, Greece and Cyprus have formed a bloc against that of Turkey, Libya and the Northern Cyprus. This situation has drawn the region to further security and military disputes. Meanwhile, if Syria, Lebanon and Gaza also enter the process of exploring and extracting gas fields, the equations will be much more complex.
Sabah Zangeneh – Energy Affairs Expert
Strategic Council Online: The new round of rivalries in Libya began when the Turkish and Russian governments sought to pave the way for their exclusive presence in the country under the pretext of a ceasefire. They aimed to forge an agreement between Seraj and Haftar governments without the knowledge of the European states.
Jafar Qanadbashi – Middle East Affairs Expert
Strategic Council Online: An expert on political economy said that until now the treasury of the Persian Gulf Arab states was the unofficial treasury of the Americans, adding that this type of funding will practically be cut with the falling oil prices because the Arab states themselves are faced with budget deficits and cannot afford supporting US terrorist schemes in the region.
Strategic Council Online: Referring to the war of words between Turkey and the UAE over Libya, a university professor said that the rivalry that has taken place between the two groups in Libya is an endless game in which neither side will succeed in becoming influential powers in the Middle East and the Mediterranean. He said if this trend continues they will not be total victors in Libya.
Strategic Council Online: The Saudi-Russian agreement on oil output cut has revived the role of the United States, which was being forgotten as a result of falling oil prices and the lack of economic efficiency in shale oil extraction, and the United States is effectively playing an influential role in the global oil market.
Sabah Zanganeh – Expert on International Affairs
Strategic Council Online: A university professor said there was no consensus on maintaining a long-term ceasefire in Idlib, noting that sooner or later this fragile ceasefire would collapse because Turkey has realized Bashar Assad will stay in power and therefore Ankara will need a bargaining chip to protect its interests.
Strategic Council Online: A former ambassador and Middle East expert says the recent developments in Arab states against Turkey are expected to create a new balance of power. “If Erdogan fails to pay attention to the issue, the axis is likely to boost its status against Turkey in the future.
Strategic Council Online: Former Iranian ambassador to Libya criticizing the UN role and performance in Libya crisis said the outbreak of a regional war in Libya is unlikely but current violence and political confrontations will continue.
Strategic Council Online: A university professor outlining the failure to achieve peace and ceasefire in Libya said: Since Khalifa Haftar is fully aware that Turkey would not abandon its support for economic investments and Brotherhood-led government in North Africa it has made accepting the ceasefire conditional on Turkish troop withdrawal from Libya to send the ball into the court of the National Unity Government and impose international pressure on it
Strategic Council Online: A faculty member of the Shahid Beheshti University outlining the most important issues at the Munich Security Conference described the current state of world security as extremely shaky and noted that the Conference could not accomplish any important results.
Strategic Council Online: What is evident in the Turkish government’s intentions to deploy troops, or in other words maintain military presence in Libya, is that the Erdogan government not only in words but in practice wants to somehow revive the Ottoman Empire by restoring Turkey’s leadership in the Muslim world through a formidable foreign policy game.
Dr Ghadir Golkarian, professor at the University of Near East, Cyprus
Strategic Council Online: Despite the presence of representatives of the four major international organizations, the Berlin Conference was a venue for the rivalry of various big players and profit-seeking of European powers over its resources rather than showing conciliation and convergence on a ceasefire and peace in Libya.
Jafar Ghanadbashi – African Affairs Expert