Tag: Libya

Strategic Importance of Libyan Developments for Turkey and Greece

Strategic Council Online – The Eastern Mediterranean, border issues as well as the maritime agreement between Turkey and Libya are among the axes that have caused tensions between Greece and Turkey over the past two years. One of the contentious issues between the two neighbors is the internal developments in Libya. The visits of the leaders of both Libyan factions to Turkey and Greece have been met with fringe and controversy, and the crisis in Libya has practically added to the scope of the traditional rivalry between Athens and Ankara. Libya is in a geopolitically sensitive position, and its developments directly affect the security of Africa, the Middle East and Europe. If the Libyan crisis is resolved, the country can increase its oil production in 2 to 3 years and start oil trade with southern Europe.
Mahmoud Fazeli – Analyst of international affairs

Challenges in NATO-Turkey Relations

Strategic Council Online – Referring to the recent tensions between Turkey and Western members of NATO, an expert on Turkey affairs said that Ankara’s approach to NATO and its interaction with the United States in recent years has become a challenging situation that almost has put Turkey in front of Western countries.

Turkey’s Efforts to Maintain Presence in Libya, Prospect of Negotiations with Egypt

Strategic Council Online – A university professor said that Turkey and Egypt are forced to negotiate on issues of common interests in the Mediterranean and North Africa, adding: It is likely that in the near future we will see the start of negotiations and somehow redefine cooperation between Egypt and Turkey, the two active actors in the Libyan equation.

Turkey’s Strategy to Export Military Drones

Strategic Council Online – Turkey has made significant progress in the military industry, and is known in the world not only in the production of light and heavy weapons, vehicles, ships and military aircraft, but has also outstanding activity in the design and development of missiles, electronic systems and control.
Mahmoud Fazeli – Analyst of international affairs

Turkey’s strategy towards Egypt

Strategic Council Online—Editorial: Turkey’s foreign minister Mevlut Cavusoglu announced in a news conference that Ankara has sent a positive message to the Egyptian government in Cairo. After eight years of turbulent relations between the two countries, Cavusoglu said Turkey has made contacts at the intelligence and diplomatic levels with Egypt and Ankara is ready to sign an agreement with Cairo to assign marine borders through negotiation under the present circumstances. And Turkey considers as positive the activities of Egypt in the Mediterranean Sea excavations. Egypt has implicitly recognized Turkey’s marine borders and sent a positive message to Ankara in this way.

Mahmoud Fazeli—Analyst of international relations

Prospect of NATO Presence in Persian Gulf

Strategic Council Online – An expert on geopolitical affairs commenting on NATO cooperation with Arab states, especially those in the Persian Gulf, said: Countries such as the UAE and Saudi Arabia since their independence had been under British tutelage and were totally dependent on that country and after Britain withdrew from east of the Suez Canal, the United States replaced it. In fact, the Arab states of the Persian Gulf think that by setting up their bases Western countries would provide them with security, but this is not the case, as we see today that Saudi Arabia is the target of the Yemeni missiles.

Perspective of Moscow-Washington relations during the Biden administration

Strategic Council Online-Editorial: The interference of the White House in the domestic affairs of Russia during the past one month concerning the Alexi Navalny issue indicated that the Biden administration is profiting from the tools of democracy and human rights for its own interest in order to obtain maximal interests in the global order. And this is an issue which can cause more frictions in the relations between the United States and Russia as Russia believes that the West presents a two-direction and conflicting definition of concrete concepts such as freedom, human rights and democracy.
Dr. Ahmad Vakhishteh, professor of the International Relations Faculty of the National Eurasia University

Prospects of the end of political crisis in Libya

Strategic Council Online—Interview: An expert of Africa studies says the United Nations Secretary General’s proposal to send international observers to guarantee and monitor the ceasefire in Libya aims to expedite the process of state-building in that country.

Unstable Peace in Libya; Ambiguity in Effectiveness of Morocco Talks

Strategic Council Online – It is very optimistic to think that the Morocco talks will have desirable outcome, even though they are serious and backed by the United Nations and other international organizations. But if after the elections of December 24, 2021, Libya’s internal leaders respect its results, it can be said that this country is one step closer to the lasting peace.
Dr. Hossein Ebrahimnia – University Professor and Analyst of International Affairs

Objectives behind the new momentum in Turkey-Lebanon relations

Strategic Council Online—Interview: An expert of Turkish affairs says growing relations between Turkey and Lebanon in political and economic fronts and other areas of mutual interest would pave the way for more role-playing even limited by Turkey in the political scene of Lebanon.

The consequences of the US sanctions on Turkey

Strategic Council Online—Editorial: Due to consciously cooperation with Russian arms company Rosoboronexport and the purchase of the S-400 missile defense systems, Turkey has gone under US sanctions of CAATSA as Washington does not tolerate interaction with Russia in military domains by other countries. The purchase of S-400 missile defense systems by Turkey has endangered the safety of the US military personnel and technology and would provide access for Russia to the armed forces and defense industries of Turkey. The main goal of US sanctions on Turkey is to prevent Russia from reaping huge financial gains and accessing and impacting the NATO defense systems. US Foreign Secretary Mike Pompeo has asked Turkey to resolve the issue of S-400 with long-term cooperation in the defense sector and adapt once again itself with the rules of NATO and the purchase of arms compatible with this military alliance treaty.
Mahmoud Fazeli, expert of international issues

Mutual Turkey-EU Feeling; Too Close, Too Far

Strategic Council Online – Europe is pursuing a kind of “tilt but don’t spill” attitude towards Turkey, based on which it is neither indifferent nor reacts harshly.
Afshin Zargar – PhD in International Relations, Faculty Member

Turkey’s Presence in Libya, Motives and Dimensions

Strategic Council Online – Turkey is trying to use the leverage of its military presence in Libya to pave the way for political negotiations on political and economic interests, particularly on the sharing of Eastern Mediterranean energy resources.
Hassan Ashrafi – Researcher on Turkey’s affairs

Turkey’s Pendulum Foreign Policy

Strategic Council Online – The pendulum feature of Turkey’s foreign policy has a high risk and will impose heavy costs on the Turkish structure in the event of an impasse in the enforcement of policies.
Ali Saadat Azar – Expert on Turkey’s affairs

Prospects of Escalation of Tensions between Europe and Turkey

Strategic Council Online – An expert on Turkey’s affairs referred to some contradictory policies of Turkey and the European Union, especially on energy which has led to escalation of tensions and sanctions threats and said: The language of threats and sanctions cannot deter Turkey from its activities in the Eastern Mediterranean region; moreover, the militarization of the Mediterranean is neither in the interest of Turkey nor the European Union.

Concerns and challenges ahead of NATO

Strategic Council Online—Editorial: With Joe Biden going to the oval office in the White House next January, NATO is hoping to re-establish warm relations between the US and Europe after the end of the Trump tenure, and the presence of Biden as the President of the United States would increase hopes for the amelioration of trans-Atlantic relations. NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg announced an extraordinary session of the NATO Summit at the beginning of 2021 with the participation of Joe Biden after he assumes power in Washington. Many in Europe are waiting for fundamental changes in NATO after the remarks of the French president who described NATO as facing brain death—something suggestive of the depth of internal differences in this military alliance. Paris is also demanding a revision in the activities and objectives of NATO as a military coalition organization.
Mahmoud Fazeli, expert of European affairs

Prospects for negotiations to resolve the Libya crisis in Morocco

Strategic Council Online-Interview: A university professor says participants in the negotiations in Morocco are serious and determined to resolve the crisis in Libya, adding however that one cannot be optimistic about the outcome of the negotiations as there are ups and downs in the talks and the two sides are aware of the consequences of a war of attrition.

Saudi Efforts to Reduce Tensions in the Region & the Need for Qatar’s Vigilance

Strategic Council Online – An expert on Saudi Arabia said that reducing tensions is the concurrent desire of the three countries of Turkey, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, said: The Saudi concern over the return of the United States to the Iran Nuclear Agreement (also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action) and boosting Iran’s economic strength have prompted Riyadh to minimize tensions with the Arab and Sunni fronts before Trump leaves the White House and Biden takes over in order to confront Iran with a new lineup. But the important point in this regard is the vigilance of Qatar. In other words, Doha should be careful not to be caught by the Saudi conspiracy against Iran, which was beside Qatar during the difficult years of sanctions.