Strategic Council Online: An expert on West Asian affairs said that the Syrians have shown that they have no consideration or reservation for improving relations with the Arab states around them, adding that the Americans do not want an improvement of relations between Syria and Arab states and are exerting pressures so that Damascus would not return to the Arab fold.
Strategic Council Online: Contrary to existing perceptions, Ansarullah faces a limitation in choosing a scenario for the end of the Yemeni crisis that is limited to the display of military power and boosting it. Of course, the Yemeni people in different scenes have shown their ability to execute such a scenario well, and they are fully in line with Ansarullah, which is one of the important parameters in determining the outcome of this brutal war.
Jafar Ghanadbashi – Middle East affairs expert
Strategic Council Online: It looks like eventually US envoy Zalmay Khalilzad, who is in Kabul, will intervene in the current governance process in Afghanistan and bring Abdullah Abdullah to the negotiating table: A situation similar to what happened when John Kerry was in office; that is today a new government will be formed with some differences. In this new government, space will also be opened for the Taliban, and Zalmay will probably succeed in bringing the three currents – Ashraf Ghani, Abdullah Abdullah and Taliban to the negotiating table to pull Afghanistan out of the current situation.
Pir Mohammad Molazehi – Indian Subcontinent Affairs Expert
Strategic Council Online: What we have witnessed in the recent widespread operations of the Ansarullah movement and the Yemeni people’s armies against Saudi positions is, on the one hand, an attempt to persuade Saudi Arabia to admit its military weaknesses inside Yemen, and on the other, an attempt to thwart troublesome and armed moves of mercenary groups seeking to disrupt the situation in Sanaa (the capital of Yemen) and create new insecurity in the region.
Jafar Ghanadbashi – Middle East Affairs Expert
Strategic Council Online: President of the Strategic Council on Foreign Relations said: Asymmetric approaches are needed to solve the region’s problems, both politically and militarily, as the current diplomacy pursued through international organizations or dialogue with global powers is ineffective.
Strategic Council Online: In Libya, extensive military and material support is extended to General Khalifa Haftar. In regional level too, countries like Jordan, Sudan, UAE and Egypt extend logistical, financial and military support to Haftar. Therefore, the probability of his victory and the defeat of Faiz al-Seraj is one of the leading scenarios.
Strategic Council Online: A university professor cited Moscow’s announcement that Khalifa Haftar has left Moscow without signing a ceasefire agreement with the Libyan National Unity Government, saying: “Until the Arab countries are convinced that Khalifa Haftar will have the upper hand in the agreements to be reached, they will not be willing to allow him to agree to a ceasefire.”
Strategic Council Online: An expert on African affairs says the proxy war in Libya has somehow started with the intervention of the regional states, mainly the Arab states. He considers the ineffectiveness of the National Unity Government a means to further intensify the provocative efforts of Khalifa Haftar, emphasizing that in these circumstances, one cannot virtually draw a good perspective for the future of the Libyan government.
Strategic Council Online: By announcing a plan to launch a “European Naval Mission” for Security in the Strait of Hormuz and the Persian Gulf, France wants to test what it has been dreaming of as a “European NATO” for years, an institution that has neither been consolidated in thinking nor it is applicable in practice.
Hamideh Safamanesh – International Relations Researcher
Strategic Council Online: Iran cannot remain indifferent to the future of Afghanistan, its neighbor, and at the same time, a just and lasting peace cannot be achieved without Iranian cooperation. Iran’s strategy vis-à-vis Afghanistan appears to be continued negotiations with the Afghan government and the Taliban, taking into account the views of other influential groups.
Mohsen Pakaeen – Former Director of Afghanistan Department at IRI Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Strategic Council Online: A Middle East affairs expert and history researcher says the Riyadh agreement between the Yemeni Transitional Council and Mansour Hadi cannot help restore calm in Yemen. He said the aim of the deal is not peace but to increase pressure on Ansarullah.
Strategic Council Online: Most of the OPEC member states are Saudi allies who have taken anti-Iranian positions on various occasions, and more than OPEC they have sought to strengthen the Persian Gulf Cooperation Council.
Reza Majidzadeh – Researcher in Political Economy of Development
Strategic Council Online: Recent attacks on Aramco refineries not only inflicted huge economic losses on Saudi Arabia, but also the heavy humiliation over the failure of “buying security by oil” strategy and uncertainty over future security has prompted Saudi leaders to make news military purchases to fill the defensive gap.
Hamideh Safamanesh – International Relations Researcher
Strategic Council Online: A Middle East affairs expert and historian, saying that the Houthi threats will change the regional policy of the UAE, said Abu Dhabi is not basically Yemen’s neighbor. Saudi Arabia has claims for its neighborhood with Yemen which are open to question, but the UAE’s involvement in the Yemeni war is only due to its close ties to Saudi Arabia in the Persian Gulf Cooperation Council.
“The Qatar crisis should not be considered in the context of conflict of interests of the countries involved in the crisis, because the main cause of the crisis is the historical background of the tribes in the region,” said the Director of Al Jazeera Center for Studies Mohammed Mukhtar al Khalil.
Strategic Council Online: An expert on Middle East affairs says many governments and big regional powers have experienced intervention in Yemen but have failed in the process. As governments and countries bigger than the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia have not been able to dominate Yemen over the past century, they certainly will not be able to do so in the future.
Strategic Council Online: The West, along with the UAE and Saudi Arabia, are behind General Khalifa Haftar in the Libyan unrest while Turkey, Qatar and the United Nations stand against him and support the legal rule of Fayez al-Sarraj.
Jafar Ghanadbashi – African Affairs expert
Strategic Council Online: A West Asian affairs analyst commenting on a UAE decision to pull back troops from Yemen, said: “The field equations in Yemen are changing, which shows that there is no possibility for Saudi Arabia and its allies to win the war, which is why the UAE motives in invading Yemen are declining day by day.”
Strategic Council Online: The United Arab Emirates, as its name implies, consists of seven emirates with Dubai and Abu Dhabi being the most important ones; however, these two emirates have always had differences of views over the expansion of their domination and power inside and outside the country due to adopting opposite policies and tendencies.
Davoud Ahmadzadeh – Middle East Affairs Expert
Strategic Council Online: The Persian Gulf Cooperation Council does not enjoy sufficient capacity for regional and international influence; but in spite of the ideological and political differences, especially in relation to Iran, the six countries under pressure from the United States and Britain have been forced to maintain the appearance of the Cooperation Council and cover up their differences.
Hassan Hanizadeh – Middle East Affairs Expert