Tag: Afghanistan

Afghanistan and the Space for Geopolitical Actors

Strategic Council Online: In the wake of the Coronavirus crisis that has engulfed the entire world significant developments are underway in Afghanistan engineered by the United States and supported by other world and regional powers which cast doubt on the prospects of restoring stability and security to Afghanistan. The US-led peace agreement with the Taliban will bring Afghanistan into a new phase of geopolitical action that will shape regional and trans-regional forces in relation to Afghanistan’s ethnic, religious and political structure.
Ebrahim Romina – Assistant Professor of Political Geography at Tarbiat Modares University

Scenarios in Afghanistan

Strategic Council Online: At present, there are three currents in Afghanistan claiming power: Abdullah Abdullah and the Jihadists, the Liberal Democrats represented by Ashraf Ghani, and the Taliban. Zalmay Khalilzad seems to be trying to balance these three currents in order to overcome the crisis in Afghanistan.
Pir Mohammad Molazehi – Expert on Afghanistan

International Recognition of US-Taliban Peace Agreement

Strategic Council Online: Adoption of a UN Security Council resolution endorsing the US-led peace deal with the Taliban means its international recognition but it has not yet become US internal law and has no executive guarantees.
Seyed Mostafa Hashemi – PhD in Geopolitics and Regional Affairs Expert

Prospect of Peace Talks in Light of New Developments in Afghanistan

Strategic Council Online: It looks like eventually US envoy Zalmay Khalilzad, who is in Kabul, will intervene in the current governance process in Afghanistan and bring Abdullah Abdullah to the negotiating table: A situation similar to what happened when John Kerry was in office; that is today a new government will be formed with some differences. In this new government, space will also be opened for the Taliban, and Zalmay will probably succeed in bringing the three currents – Ashraf Ghani, Abdullah Abdullah and Taliban to the negotiating table to pull Afghanistan out of the current situation.
Pir Mohammad Molazehi – Indian Subcontinent Affairs Expert

Taliban Retreat and Ambiguities in Possible Peace with America

Strategic Council Online: Donald Trump is now in dire need of foreign accomplishments in 2020, the year of presidential elections, and if Washington can reach a deal with the Taliban and sign it, Trump could use it as bargaining chip.
Pir Mohammad Molazehi – Afghanistan Affairs Expert

US Peace Deal with Taliban Aims at Long-Term Deployment in Afghanistan

Strategic Council Online: A faculty member at the University of Tehran believes the US seven day “reduction in violence” plan in Afghanistan is a cross-sectional tactic noting that US strategies in Afghanistan are no longer effective so they are taking tactical and short-term actions to find solutions.

Dimensions of New Tensions between Islamabad & Delhi

Strategic Council Online: An Asian affairs analyst attributed the recent tension between Islamabad and New Delhi to the Kashmir issue and to some extent to Afghanistan, saying Kashmir has become a symbolic and prestigious matter for both sides and despite the strong role of the two countries’ military in foreign policy, the BJP’s extreme nationalist stance and its negative view of Muslims will not only fail to resolve the differences between the two countries in the near future but will continue in the form of war of words, as well as political and sometimes military conflicts.

Washington’s Afghan Approach after Plane Crash

Strategic Council Online: An Afghan affairs expert says it seems we will witness more Taliban violence against the United States in the future. “Under Ronald Trump, keeping the status quo and its continuation despite the Taliban violence is regarded one of the main indicators of the US foreign policy in Afghanistan and one cannot expect Washington to make a tangible change in its Afghan policies after the failure of 11 rounds of negotiations and the shooting down of a military plane,” he said.

Strategic Implications of US Plane Crash in Afghanistan

Strategic Council Online: An Afghan affairs expert said the US military plane crash in Afghanistan could indicate that Washington has become so vulnerable in the region that it is hurt even by the Taliban. “If it is proved it is the work of the Taliban the US policy towards the Taliban is set to change.”

Strategy of Int’l Propagation of Persian Language & Obstacles Ahead

Strategic Council Online: Director General of Scientific and Academic Cooperation of the Organization for Islamic Culture and Communications, says the spread of the Persian language and literature in the world is one of the country’s most important cultural strategies in the international arena. “The countries that are hindering Iran’s influence politically are adopting the same policy towards the development of Persian in their own country and want people to pay less attention to the language.”

Tashkent Summit Symbolizes Fostering Convergence in Central Asia

Strategic Council Online: Because Central Asian countries geographically do not have access to the high seas, the best way for them to keep in touch with world trade is through southern Iran, and they are interested in this route because of the security Iran enjoys. The Islamic Republic of Iran should also welcome these investments and projects, as it will be a win-win situation for both parties.
Abdolreza Farajirad – University Professor and Expert on Geopolitics

Iran’s Considerations for Negotiating with the Taliban

Strategic Council Online: Iran cannot remain indifferent to the future of Afghanistan, its neighbor, and at the same time, a just and lasting peace cannot be achieved without Iranian cooperation. Iran’s strategy vis-à-vis Afghanistan appears to be continued negotiations with the Afghan government and the Taliban, taking into account the views of other influential groups.
Mohsen Pakaeen – Former Director of Afghanistan Department at IRI Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Uncertainty over the Fate of Afghan Elections and Negotiations with the Taliban

Strategic Council Online: An Asian affairs expert said if the US is honest in its drive to stabilize Afghanistan, it should provide the ground for dialogue between the Taliban and the Afghan government. He stressed: Iran out of political and security considerations in the region is trying to pave the way for inter-Afghan talks, and is perhaps one of the few countries to do so in coordination with the Afghan government.

NATO’s Challenges in Its 70th Birthday

Strategic Council Online: A European affairs expert says on the eve of NATO’s 70th birthday, fears of a diminishing US commitment to the military alliance as well as Britain’s exit from the European Union has put European security in dire straits and this has increased efforts by major European states to gain strategic and defense independence from the United States.

Trump’s Unannounced & Intrusive Trip to Afghanistan

Strategic Council Online: Former Director of Afghanistan Affairs Department at IRI Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that the US President’s unannounced visit to Afghanistan and presence at Bagram military base was an unusual act contrary to the independence of an independent state. He added: Although the US claims that talks to reach a peace deal are on track, but they are unlikely to have a tangible outcome in the current situation, and after Trump’s trip to Afghanistan, Taliban officials have said they are not ready for peace talks unless an agreement is signed.

ISIS Threat in Afghanistan

Strategic Council Online: The more disorder and insecurity in Afghanistan, the more ISIS can recover and develop.
Abdolreza Farajirad – University Professor and Expert on Geopolitics

Causes & Consequences of the Decline in Afghan Elections Turnout

Strategic Council Online: A regional affairs analyst said Afghan citizens’ dissatisfaction with the election procedure led to a low voter turnout, noting that due to the low turnout if the election trend is transparent it would go to a second round like the previous election.

Suspension of Peace Talks; Deception of US and Taliban

Strategic Council Online: Former Director of Afghanistan Department at the IRI Ministry of Foreign Affairs said: “We should not consider the negotiations over because of differences of opinion between the United States and the Taliban. We must pay attention to America’s hidden goals to bring the Taliban back to power: A group that could be linked to the ISIS with the help of the United States.”

Humiliation and Guardianship of Afghan Gov’t & Nation

Strategic Council Online: US President Donald Trump is in dire need of an agreement with the Taliban, so the talks may not have been completely cancelled, and this may be just a tactical move by Washington to pressure the Taliban.
Pir Mohammad Molazehi – Expert on Afghanistan Affairs

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