On occasions, either with speeches and or measures by the leaders of the United States and the People’s Republic of China against each other, we witness a controlled level of tension between the two countries; after close to 44 years of happy relations between China and the US, in 2016 Donald Trump described China as the main enemy of the US and its serious rival and declared that the US should control China with all the possible means and tools. His successor is pursuing Trump’s approach but with a more civilized language.
In recent years, especially after the beginning of the big and global economic plan of China entitled One Belt-One Road Initiative and the expansion of the countries involved in it, the US has no choice but to confront China in order to main its economic power and global hegemony; even though in appearance, the type of confrontation of the new foreign policy team of the US towards China has taken more diplomatic shape, this team has adopted the same method to create crisis and tension for China with the goal of reducing its global ambitions.
A review of the economic figures from 2000 to 2020 indicates that according to US authorities, China has been able to expand to a large extent its trade with other countries under an intelligent approach without paying any cost for maintaining and stabilizing the international system and combatting terrorism (under the security cover of the US and NATO); at the present time, China is the first trade partner of most of the world countries and this has created fear and worry among the White House officials.
At the present time, the US and China are fiercely competing each other in various economic, technological, governance and ….sectors. Each are trying to utilize available and special tools to inflict maximum damage on the other in a cunning manner; however, this should be reminded that the US has a better position in creating tension for China.
The United States is a country surrounded by ocean and has few neighbors which have good relations with it. Contrary to the US, China is surrounded by many neighbors and has territorial differences amongst them with Japan, India and Vietnam.
Through increasing military maneuvers near China, the US is trying to create and fabricate security crisis for China by establishing friendly relations with the countries that are neighboring China and the countries around the Malaga Strait which channels the oil needed by China.
The other point is the instrumentalized use of the Covid-19 outbreak and the issue of human rights by the US. Washington is trying to exploit these two tools to blame China for the coronavirus pandemic at the world level in order to incite anti-Chinese sentiments among global public opinion and leaders. The goal of Washington is to use human rights allegations against China in cases such as the status of Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang and or the Hong Kong situation to launch international coalition and condemn China in order to reduce the cost of rivalry by involving other countries.
And Taiwan is the other piece of the US puzzle to increase pressure and create tension with China; American officials visit Taiwan and sell advanced military equipment to Taiwan in order to increase security concerns for China in this region.
Perhaps if another country was grappling with these crises, it would have faced serious and critical crises swiftly however China has made purposeful and long-term plans in this respect and has openly declared that it has no intention of replacing the US and the era of unipolar world has long ended earlier. This country is using its most important factor ie economy and has increased the cost of confrontation with China for all the world countries through economic integration into global community. The integration of various countries in China’s economy has caused coalition building of Washington against China to have no particular outcome and the American officials have failed to even appropriately use the capacities of their European allies against China.
In fact, China has reminded US officials through its growth and progress in all areas of economy, digital technologies, science and academics that this country is not like the former Soviet Union and the US is facing an intelligent rival.
Tension between the US and China can provide a special opportunity for many countries to make some gains; also, in general, due to the quality of tension, at least in the short term, no danger is threatening global economy.
In conclusion, in the short term, it is unlikely to see a special change in strategy and relations between these two countries; in fact, China and the US will not allow tension to exceed its conventional limits and are trying through measures to minimize probable damage to their economies. It should be noted that due to economic interconnectivity and numerous scientific and academic cooperation in various sectors between the two countries, they will never enter into an all-out war with each other and will continue their efforts to manage wisely the creation of crisis for each other.