Davood Ahmadzadeh, speaking in an interview with the website of the Strategic Council on Foreign Relations noted: Syria has always been of special importance to the countries of the region, especially to Saudi Arabia, which is considered one of the main players. Therefore, after the political unrest in Syria and outbreak of the civil war, the Saudi authorities acted as a supporter and even godfather of the Takfiri and terrorist groups.

Pointing out that the Arab axis, along with the Western-Hebrew axis, played a key role in prolonging the Syrian political crisis and continuation of the conflict, Ahmadzadeh added: At the same time, Saudi Arabia’s competitive approach to Iran in Syria was one of the tense areas that affected both Tehran-Riyadh relations as well as the region.

Further elaborating on this issue, he said: While Iran was trying to prevent collapse of the Syrian political structure through its legitimate political and military support, Saudi Arabia took any measure it could to overthrow Bashar Assad.

According to the expert, the failure of Saudi Arabia and Mohammed bin Salman himself to advance militant goals in the region, especially in Syria, and to stabilize the country politically due to cooperation between Iran and Russia, as well as political meetings on the eve of Kazakhstan, further weakened Saudi Arabia’s position in the region, especially in Syria.

The expert added: In such a situation, by Donald Trump stepping aside in the United States and the coming to power of Joe Biden, we are witnessing some changes in the Middle East, especially in West Asia.

According to Ahmadzadeh, this great failure, that is to say the rift in the previously formed sinister triangle between extremist Zionist leader Benjamin Netanyahu and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and former US President Donald Trump, has prompted Saudi leaders to seek to change their regional approaches, especially in turbulent areas such as Syria and Yemen. At the same time, in recent weeks, we have been witness to bin Salman’s open talk about reconciliation with Iran and serious talks with it in public media interviews.

The expert stressed: Any possibility of dialogue and compromise between Iran and Saudi Arabia could reduce tensions and conflicts in the region, especially in Syria.

Pointing out that Yemen is a vital and strategic area for the Saudis, Ahmadzadeh said: Perhaps in the recent talks between Tehran and Riyadh, this multi-faceted regional equation of lifting the siege and simultaneously announcing a ceasefire in Yemen and reducing tensions and establishing political stability in Syria with participation of regional powers, especially Iran and Saudi Arabia, has been a priority.

According to Ahmadzadeh, another issue that is important for Saudi Arabia at this juncture regarding Syria is the issue of participation in the reconstruction of that country, adding:. Given the economic damage and the need to rebuild Syria’s vital arteries in the post-war period, the need for investment and financial resources is significant. Therefore, the Saudis are preparing to improve relations in negotiations with the Syrian political system to restore their status in the region and economic participation in the reconstruction of the country.

The expert on the Middle East affairs, saying that although this lever of power could be considered as a source of Saudi political influence in the future of the Syrian political structure, added: Nevertheless, perhaps the government of Bashar Assad, if feels confident of the military and political non-interference of Saudi Arabia and its allies, would welcome the assistance and investment of those countries.

Finally, Ahmadzadeh said in the conclusion of his analysis: Given the US administration’s approach to reducing regional conflicts and withdrawing its troops from West Asia and focusing more on East Asian affairs and political and military tensions with China and Russia, it seems that by continuing this process and in the event of multilateral negotiations between the powers involved in regional issues, especially Iran, Saudi Arabia and Turkey as the main members of power in the new Middle East, we will be witness to the reduction of tensions and the beginning of new power equations in the region. Of course, in the current situation, reduction of tensions does not only include Iran and Saudi Arabia, but also Turkey, by revising in its previous policies, has begun the process of negotiating and compromising with its previous rivals, especially Saudi Arabia and Egypt.

He stressed: Although the fluidity of power in the region and the trend of future developments in the field indicate that it is not possible to paint an accurate and clear picture of the upcoming developments, nevertheless it can be said that the current situation in the region, has forced former enemies and rivals to take a new initiative, which is negotiations, to reduce tensions and maintain their relative position in areas of crisis.