The Arab Spring or Islamic Awakening is known as one of the most widespread events in the Middle East since 2011. The presence of Islamists in every democratic event and the victory of the Islamist line at the level of universities and student associations and other fields during free elections in West Asia and North Africa, such as Egypt, Morocco and the Persian Gulf region verify this matter.
But in recent years, Islamism has not been welcome by certain currents and groups. The triumph of the Islamists in the 1990s political elections in Algeria and its abolition under the provocation of the French government and intervention of the Algerian army, as well as opposition to the victory of the Muslim Brotherhood and Islamists in North Africa in 2011, are part of this opposition. Today, the US and Zionist regime support of anti-Islamic thinking in the region occur in the same line to neutralize any free elections and deep-rooted Islamic uprisings.
The internal conflicts in Libya today are somehow the result of disagreements between pro-Islamist and anti-Islamist groups in an ideological encounter. General Haftar’s attack on Tripoli aimed to undermine the National Reconciliation Summit and to counter democratic moves and free elections. Although some Islamists have deviations, however, the Islamists success in free elections is because they enjoy popular bases. The case of Mohamed Morsi in Egypt is an example of these deviations. By breaching the aspirations of the Muslim Brotherhood’s, establishing an intimate relationship with the Zionist regime and ignoring the Islamic Republic of Iran, Morsi created a serious deviation in the process of Islamism.
Over the years, the Islamists have now come to the conclusion that cooperation with countries such as Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, the United States and Israel will harm their political lives, and they may face alluring, the supply of money and facilities, false promises and even military strike to fulfil their promises.
It should be borne in mind that the Saudi regime and its allies incurred huge costs by bringing Sisi to power in Egypt and Essebsi in Tunisia; in fact, they do not want the Islamists to win again and for this reason, they planned to overthrow them.
Today, the issue of Libya has been treated with a meaningful silence of the international community and the Arab League. Even if Haftar calls for truce it would be in the best interests of Haftar because ceasefire would provide an opportunity for the opponents of Fayez Sarraj (the incumbent government) in the centre of Libya and around Tripoli. In the meantime, France’s role-playing in supporting Haftar should not be overlooked.
On the other hand, Sarraj has the backing of Turkey and Qatar. In the past few days, a meeting of the foreign ministers of Qatar and Turkey in Ankara was held with the aim of supporting Sarraj and his government. Of course, there are difficulties in the way such as the need for logistical, arms, and financial support, and even food and medicine. The head of the ruling government in Libya has asked for assistance from the international community which should extend such support given the legitimacy of the ruling establishment.
Libya is now in an ambiguous situation. Westerners and some Arab countries are working to accomplish the Deal of the Century by supporting groups opposed to Sarraj. Because Libya, with rich oil wells and mines plays an important role in realizing the Deal of the Century, because Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are facing financial problems for providing military expenses in the Yemeni war and being blackmailed by the US and have lost the strength to bribe Egypt, Jordan and Palestine to accept the Deal of the Century. On the other hand, the French, because of the issue of immigration and the influence of the Islamists on the internal affairs of their country, support Haftar. The Americans also speak of a ceasefire but do not take any action in helping Sarraj and ending the crisis in Libya.